African Problems and Culture

Desertification

Mistreatment of the land in Africa has threatened the state of the land, and now the deserts may spread to the degraded soil. It is true that deserts have naturally spread before, but not at such a dangerously fast level as they are now. The large strip of land between the Sahara desert and the rest of Africa, is the Sahel, and this place is affected the most by desertification. This problem can ruin vast amounts of much needed land for Africans and seriously hurt their ability to produce food.

Overpopulation

Simply put, the population count in Africa is weird. In some areas, there are not enough people to get done what needs to get done, yet in some areas there are way too many people. In some countries below the Sahara, the rate of birth is ridiculous. With the low monitor on births and the explosion of HIV/AIDS not even disturbing the people of Africa, it seems the population will double in 2036 if it continues at the same rate.

Apartheid

In South Africa, a legal act of segregation was passed called an apartheid. this law lets the separation of the races and discrimination to blacks be legal by all means. Blacks and natives are considered dangerous, and are only allowed certain things. Progress has been made over the years alleviating some of the rules through peaceful protest and have even elected black political figures.
APARTHEID 46 YEARS IN 90 SECONDS - BBC NEWS

Genocide

A Genocide, or a mass murder took place in Rwanda, with the death toll possibly over one million. The murder was planned against the Tutsi, a group of tribal africans, and made by the Hutu who were the majority at the time. This slaughter was catastrophic, and a crime against humanity. So many men women and children were killed in cold blood, as a revenge of sorts for the mistreatment of the Hutu people.
Rwanda: What led to the genocide that occurred in 1994?

Civil War

Many different countries are going through Civil wars within their borders currently. These countries include the Congo, Somalia, Mali, Central Africa, and more. These wars are awful and bloody, and often result in many deaths.

Disease

Africa has a very dangerous ecosystem, so disease is nothing new for Africans; however, the recent outbreaks of disease have destroyed many families, killed many people, and are just awful. Diseases tend not just to spread, but to have a full on outbreak, rocking large areas to their core. Sicknesses such as Polio, sickle cell, hookworm, and the infamous Ebola spread like wildfire. The country has also have a recent, shocking outbreak of HIV, which will kill many inhabitants.

How does a lack of education relate to everything listed above?

The real question should be how doesn't it affect the country. Knowledge is everything, even more so in times when everything is technology. A lot of these problems come from tribal people or others conflicting with them, which does relate to the lack of education. Nobody knows what HIV is, so why would they care? No one understands how their farming is destroying the ecosystems around them, so why would they stop farming?

Rites of Passage

A ceremony or event marking an important stage in someone's life is a rite of passage, and such events are very important in tribal Africa. Though rites of passage can be about many changes, a boy's transition to adulthood on average is the greatest and most vital ritual. Tests of endurance, raw strength, and bravery are often what these "trials" consist of. The Maasai of Kenya and Tanzania require their boys to undergo a circumcision with no treatment without showing pain or sorrow. In Hamar, if you want to propose to a girl, you must jump and run across a line of bulls.
Bull Jumping Ceremony

Swahili

Swahili is a Bantu language spoken in East Africa, and come from the Swahili people. It is the official language of Tanzania, Uganda, and Kenya. It is what can be referred to as the common language of the area.

Polygamy

Polygamy is the practice of having more than one wife at a time. This happens much more commonly in Africa than in any other continent, and is legal in a majority of the countries today. Most countries which allow this are in northern Africa.

Bantu

A grouping of tribal African languages, including the previously mentioned Swahili. Stands throughout most of central and southern Africa. It also includes the languages Zulu and Xhosa. The wood was once used as slang for the natives that speak the languages of Bantu.