Green Revolution and GMOs

By Riley Timmerman

The Bengal Famine

The Bengal Famine of 1948 occurred in British- ruled India. About four million people died in the famine due to a lack of food production. The shortfall in food production happened because of the hysteria after World War II. The British made food supply a low priority. Along with that Indian traders were collecting large amounts of food and selling it at higher prices. The Famine caused India to start the Green Revolution to make sure that the Bengal Famine or anything like it never happened again.

All About the Green Revolution in India

3 Basic Elements of the Green Revolution

The Green Revolution consisted of 3 man parts..

1. Continued expansion of farmland

2. Double-sropping existing farmland

3. Using seeds with improved genetics

Land under cultivation was increases in India, but this was not enough to solve the problem. The double cropping made is so all of the farmland was harvested twice a year, this was done by creating a man-made monsoon so that 2 occurred each year. The scientific part of the Green Revolution was genetic advanced seeds. the Indian Council for Agriculture Research developed HYV (high yield value) seeds like corn, wheat, rice, and millet.

Positive Results of the Green Revolution

There was a 30% increase of yields per unit of farmland due to the revolution. Also India became one of the worlds biggest agriculture producers. Some Economic results of the revolution was a increase of jobs in the agricultural sector, all of India's loans were paid back to the world bank, and India's GDP was increased. Some Political results were that India became admired for their transformation from starvation to an exporter of foods.

Limitations of the Green Revolution

A large part of the revolution is double-cropping and it relies on monsoons. Droughts caused the monsoons not to happen and India has to import food. Also India was not able to get the high yield seeds everywhere, which led to some areas having incredibly better results than others.
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More Concerns of the Green Revolution

The Green Revolution caused a loss of biodiversity of crops due to the fact that farmers planted less varieties of crops and also there was less variety in the seeds because of the genetic modification. The use of the non organic pesticides causes runoff into the water and creates many non clean water sources. Soil digression is also caused by the constant cropping. This makes the Green Revolution unsustainable and not permanent. The overuse of pesticides are causing damages to human health.

GMOs: Positives and Negatives

All About GMOs

GMOs are genetically modifies organisms, which are created in laboratories.

Positives and Negatives

Positives

- insect resistant/repellant

- economical

- more food

- disease resistant

- less stress on the environment ( lower pesticide use)

Negatives

- cause allergic reactions

- environmental damage

- superweeds: creating plants that are round up resistant makes it so that weeds are now adapting to be round up resistant.

- contaminate: the seeds are spreading into non GMO fields and are infesting them with GMO seeds.

- increase herbicide use

Video on GMOs

This video talks about what GMOs are and their positives and negatives