Chp 5 Socializing the Individual

Chandler Willis

Nature versus Nurture

Heredity- is the passing of phenotypic traits from parents to their offspring.


Birth order- refers to the order a child is born, for example first born, second born et


Parental Characteristics- are features of parents that have been identified as explanatory variables in a wide range of settings.


The Cultural Environment- has a strong influence on personality.

Isolation in Childhood

Anna and Isabelle- Anna was a six year old girl when she was found, she stayed in a dark room for most of her life. she had a chair that was to small for her she knew of no language or how to talk. she was not spoken to, held bathed, or loved.


Genie- Sometimes it is impossible to reverse the effects of prolonged isolation, even with the help of dedicated specialists. This situation proved true with the case of Genie who was discovered in 1970 at the age of 13.


Institutionalization- Living in institutions such as orphanages and hospitals some children may show some of the characteristics of isolated children.

Locke The Tabula Rasa

English philosopher from the 1600s, insisted that each newly born child is born without a personality and they get there personality from social experiences.

Cooley The Looking-Glass self

Social psychologist most noted for his theory explaining how individuals develop a sense of self.

Mead Role-Taking

American philosopher founder of the interactionist perspective developed ideas related to Cooley's theories, seeing ourselves as other see us is only the beginning.

The Family

The primary importance rests on its role as the principal socializer of young children.

The Peer Group

Forces outside of the home increasingly influence them to try new things.

The School

school is a very social activity in life. Teaching reading, writing, arithmetic, and other skills.

The Mass Media

Involves socialization through the internet.

Resocialization

Setting in which people are isolated from the rest of society for a set period of time.