history of jews
The situation of the Jews became worse beginning in 1096, when a series of military expeditions called the Crusades began. These campaigns to free the Holy Land from the Muslims stirred a wave of intense feeling against non-Christians. The Crusaders killed many Jews and sometimes massacred entire Jewish communities. The Crusades marked the beginning of a long period of Jewish martyrdom (death for a belief).The Jews were seen by Christians more and more as outsiders. Some Christians accused Jews of bringing on the troubles of society. In the mid-1300's, a terrible plague, now known as the Black Death, swept Europe, eventually killing from one-fourth to one-half of the population. Many Christians unfairly blamed the Jews for the Black Death, and mobs killed thousands of Jews. Christians commonly accused Jews of murdering Christian children as part of their religious rituals. This accusation, which became known as the blood libel, was used as an excuse to attack Jews.
the miss treatment of jews
Jews long suffered discrimination in Russia, including purges in the 19th century, repression under the regime of Joseph Stalin, and Nazi atrocities on Russian soil during World War II. Beginning with Gorbachev’s reformist policies in the 1980s, Jewish emigration to Israel and elsewhere was permitted on an increasing scale, and the number of Jews living in Russia (and all parts of the former Soviet Union) has decreased. Prior to the breakup of the Soviet Union, about one-third of its Jewish population lived in Russia (though many did not practice Judaism), and now about one-tenth of all Jews in Russia reside in Moscow. In the 1930s the Soviet government established Yevreyskaya as a Jewish autonomous province, though by the end of the 20th century only about 5 percent of the province’s population was Jewish.
language of jews
Yiddish is a Germanic language with about three million speakers, mainly Ashkenazi Jews, in the USA, Israel, Russia, Ukraine and many other countries. The name Yiddish is an version of yiddish-taytsh, which means "Jewish German".There have been Jews in area that is now Germany since Roman times A distinct Jewish culture known as Ashkenazi, or Germanic Jewry, appeared by the 10th century. Ashkenazi was the medieval Hebrew name for Germany, though the Ashkenazi area also included parts of northern France and later spread to Eastern Europe.From the 13th century they started to use the Hebrew script to write their language, which linguists refer to as Judeo-German or occasionally Proto-Yiddish. The earliest known fragment of Judeo-German is a rhyming couplet in a Hebrew prayer book dating from 1272 or 1273.During subsequent centuries, Judeo-German gradually developed into a distinct language, Yiddish, with two main dialects: Western Yiddish, which was widely spoken in Central Europe until the 18th century, and Eastern Yiddish, which was spoken throughout Eastern Europe and Russia/USSR until World War II. As a result of the Holocaust, Jewish communities throughout Europe were destroyed and the use of Yiddish as an every-day language went into sudden decline.
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"Yiddish (ײִדיש / מאַמע לשון)." Yiddish Alphabet, Pronunciation and Language. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Dec. 2015.
"World Book Student | Article Page." World Book Student | Article Page. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Dec. 2015.