Badminton Basics

Created by: Ireland Virgil

History behind Badminton

The sport has its origins in ancient civilizations in Europe and Asia. The ancient game known as battledore (bat or paddle) originated more than 2,000 years ago. Many years ago, this game was an upper class pastime in England and many other European countries. Battledore was simply two people hitting a shuttlecock backwards and forwards with a smaller sized bat as many times as they could without allowing the shuttlecock to land on the floor. Badminton has been a part of Commonwealth Games since 1966 when it was introduced in Kingston, Jamaica.

Equipment Needed

Offensive/Defensive shots

In badminton there are many different shots that can be used at specific times. There are a couple/few defensive and offensive shots that can be used in a game of badminton. The different shots that can be used throughout a game include, a clear shot, a smash, a drop shot, a hairpin, and a drive. The clear shot can he a forehand or underhand hit, and should be sent to opponent's back court. A smash is hit overhead forcefully. A drop shot is when the birdie falls immediately onto the opponent's court. A hairpin is when the birdie is hit underhand, directly over the net. A drive is a forehand or backhand shot that is hit hard and fast. When playing badminton, you should try to use some of these shots because it will help you to be even more successful when playing the sport.

General Rules (faults, scoring, difference in singles and doubles, proper serve)

- Lines are considered in

- At no time during the game should the player touch the net, with his/her racquet or his/her body

- The shuttlecock should not be carried on or come to rest on the racquet

- A player should not hit the shuttlecock directly above the net

- A serve must carry cross court (diagonally) to be valid

- A point is added to to a player's score as and when he/she wins a rally

- The shuttlecock hitting he ceiling, is counted as a fault

- A player may step out of bounds to play the birdie

Strategies used during game play.

The object of the game is to serve the shuttlecock strategically. You then want to direct it with speed and accuracy to an unprotected point on the opponent's court so that the opponent is unable to return the shuttle back over to your own side of the court or into proper boundaries of the court area. The opponent attempts to prevent the shuttlecock from falling on their side.

Badminton Vocabulary

There are several vocabulary words that are used when playing the sport. The vocabulary can help to improve one's game. A side-out happens when the serving side has a loss of service. A fault takes place when there is any violation of rules in the game. An ace is a serve that the opponent fails to hit. The back/rear court is the back third of the court. The baseline is the back line of the court. A game between teams of two players is called doubles. A drop shot happens when the birdie just clears the net and then drops sharply. A kill is a fast downward shot that cannot be returned. A rally is a series of shots hit back and forth across the net. A let will be called when there is a minor violation of the rules, requiring a rally to be replayed. A smash is a powerful overhead shot. When playing a game of badminton, many of these words may happen to be called out at several different times.