Personal Attributes

Specific Skills

Specific Skills

Technical knowledge is knowing what you are working with when it comes to a job in the area of IT. Having the general knowledge is key when applying for a job because it shows that you have a genuine determination towards wanting to work in that job. Having a positive attitude towards wanting to work in that job also helps, the employer will be able to see this and they will be more inclined to employ you.

General Attributes

Employers want staff which care about what they do, they want staff to posses a passion for what they do as it will reflect in their work. Communication skills and being organized is also highly appreciated by employers as this shows that you are right for the job. Having specific attributes relieves a lot of stress from your employer because it allows them to trust you with specific tasks you've been given. Being able to work in teams is also very beneficial as is enables you to share information and work in teams to progress as a person as well as practicing your communication skills. Communication skills are also key when it comes to employability because without them you're pretty much shooting yourself in the foot. Communication is vital towards getting a job or working with others.

Attitudes

Self motivation is huge as it is valued by every employer because it shows to them that you can motivate yourself to complete any work you're given. This is really important because self motivation is the drive you need to complete anything which is assigned to you. This makes you a valued member of staff and you will be recognized for your work ethic, also if you have a positive set of mind from self motivation you're more likely to influence others around you. Another thing could be working within teams, working well within teams is a valued skill to employers as it allows employers to see how open you are to interacting with others. This is an important skill as you will be asked to work with other sometime in your career path, If you're not a good people person it could stop you from completing specific tasks and learning how to work in a team will boost your personal skills and it will help you get your point across to other members to complete certain jobs. Lastly confidence is valued as well because it shows that you're confident in the work you are creating which in result will be a lot better.


It also is important to be confident as it shows that you are able to perform confidently in front of the group of people when presenting work. This is important because you'll sometimes be asked to present work in front a group of people somewhere in your career path, and having the required skills to be confident will allow you to present yourself in a correct manor and not seem worried or unprepared.

General Communication

You have to learn how to adapt and suit an audience for the best communication. Changing the tone of your voice so you can be heard, emphasizing on certain points to convey your seriousness and to also keep your audience interested. Also including your audience allows them to relate to specific points within your speech, this allows them to understand on a personal level keeping them interested. Different terminology also allows you to keep the audience involved and interested. Interpersonal communication skills are needed when you are talking to someone face to face. They’re also needed if the audience can or can’t see or hear you.(even if you cannot see or hear them)

Interpersonal Skills

Interpersonal skills take place when you're talking to someone face to face or even when your message is being communicated across to someone so that the audience can see and or hear you even if you cannot see or hear them.

Communication In Writing

How someone may phrase a piece of writing can be different to someone else, so writing can really effect how communication is perceived. Spelling and grammar can completely change a sentence and deliver a message which wasn't intended. Emoji characters, smiley faces and other graphical images can also completely change the integrity of a message. Not having a high level in spelling and grammar could lead a persons perception towards you in the other direction possibly making them think you're unintelligent and unprofessional. Also talking too much about a specific subject and not being direct with the person you're communicating with can also lead them to loose concentration due to you feeding them a lot of knowledge which is irrelevant.

Background Noise

Background noise is usually a negative thing as it can lead to loss of concentration and people working off topic especially if you're trying to communicate with someone. Quieter locations will allow you to proceed working efficiently, this is advised as it will allow you to work comfortably with any distraction been minimized. Background noise can also cause distractions, choosing a secure location out of the way of any other conversations will help as it will allow people to focus on what's been talked about.

Distractions

Distractions are most likely to stop communication or really reduce the levels of concentration, this could be the cause of something happening in the background which could attract attention towards that which means your focus will be reduced. A good example could be music and how it can lower your attention levels as you're concentrating on the sound more than what you're meant to be doing. Asking people to stop creating distractions, moving to another location or finding your own way to mitigate these distractions will allow you to proceed with your work. Removing distractions from the room. It will help by selecting rooms for conferences which are spacious but aren't oversized, also objects such as paintings, posters - anything visual not relating to the topic could distract people from concentrating correctly.

Physical Barriers

Physical barriers can impair you from carrying out certain tasks especially if you're disabled. Disabilities can stop you from being able to join in doing things especially if you have a physical job it will cause you problems if you have a health issue which means you can't do any strenuous activities. To mitigate the chances of this affecting your job or your work it needs to be thought if the place you're working in caters for people with disabilities such as disabled access and other supportive services.

Location

The location where you are trying to communicate really can affect the quality of communication in many different ways such as; If the location does not have any speakers and it's a big room, then people further away from the speaker may not be able to hear the speaking person at all or it may be hard to make out what they are saying. The location could also not be spacious enough so people would not be able to see the monitors, or any other physical presentation gear or there even may not be enough room to hold everyone it needs to. To negate this issue the location needs to be assessed before hand.

Lack Of Concentration

Distractions are most likely to stop communication or concentration as this is probably the main factor. This could be the cause of something happening in the background which could attract attention towards that which means your focus will be reduced. When it comes to concentrating it's important to keep unrelated topics, unrelated objects out of view and thought as this may cause you to go off onto another topic or even forget what's going on primarily.

Others

Having the technical knowledge for the job highers your chance of having the capabilities for the job as it is highly preferred for any job role. Overcoming this could include learning more technical jargon and understanding topics within that area of work, further preparing yourself for that job can also relieve stress and it will keep you calm.


Cultural differences can include, gestures, language barriers, religion and local language. Gestures in different parts of the world come with different meanings, in some countries certain hand, body or facial gestures can cause extreme offence to others not knowing of their upbringing from where they lived. Many people are unaware of such gestures and if it was in a line of work it could cause huge controversy throughout the workplace, It needs to be outlines if people have such a background so these actions do not take place. Language barriers are also a huge problem when it comes to a multi-cultural workplace. Translators may be needed in a workplace environment if there's people who aren't able to communicate through the same language, this could impair communication but not destroy it. It can be overcome with translators or another form of communication.


Religion is also a huge factor when it comes to the workplace, people need to be aware of others religions and their beliefs. It needs to be clearly outlined about peoples religions as it can cause negative affects such as arguments and other implications. These negative impacts can be negated by implementing policies towards zero tolerance on racial behaviour. Lastly, local language can also be a barrier - this is including local 'slang' which other people within the workplace may not understand. This doesn't just lead to social barriers but some people could take offence to it. Also using this local language within the workplace could cause social implications such as misunderstandings which in affect would only cause negative outcomes. To amend this small changes could be made so any local language such as 'slang' is kept to a minimum or not allowed due to people having to understand it won't help at work due to others being unaware due to their upbringings.

Mechanisms To Reduce Barriers

Mechanisms which will reduce these barriers can include; Removing distractions from the room. It will help by selecting rooms for conferences which are spacious but aren't oversized, also objects such as paintings, posters - anything visual not relating to the topic could distract people from concentrating correctly. Also the size of say a conference room could also reduce barriers, what I mean is that there's no need to use a conference room when you're doing an interview, and so on. Choosing the correct sized room, having objects in the room not relating to the line of work to a minimum can help reduce these barriers which can let others maintain concentration.


Having the appropriate volume in a conference will also help as well as it will allow you to maintain the right amount of concentration which will result in a minimized amount of distractions. Background noise can also cause distractions, choosing a secure location out of the way of any other conversations will help as it will allow people to focus on what's been talked about. Lack of technical knowledge can also be a barrier, reducing this can help so much and it can be done by preparing yourself for that area of work before you work with it. Going for an interview means you may need to know the technical jargon for that specific role, being up to date will help your communication between you and your others.