The Middle Colonies

New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware

New York

New York was first know as the New Netherland and was started by the Dutch in 1624. Eventually the English took over the land and the colony was given to the Duke of York from his brother King Charles I. The Duke of York then changed the colony from the New Netherland to New York.

New Jersey

  • Founded in 1664 by English colonists
  • New Jersey was governed as a royal colony
  • New Jersey was not dominated by a specific religion


William Penn received a grant in 1681 from the king to establish a colony. Penn was attracted to the Quaker faith. Pennsylvania became very strong in the Quaker religion. The Quakers were good friends with the Indians. It wasn't until non Quaker settlers came and ruined that friendship. There was also no slavery in Pennsylvania.


Delaware was named after Virginia's first governor Lord De LA Warr. Delaware was founded in 1638 by Peter Minuit. There was good soil for farming and agriculture. The predominant religion in the colony of Delaware was Protestant.