Ancient India

Web Quest

Geography of Ancient India

The Geography consisted of Mountains, Deserts, and plateaus. The Subcontinent known as India also has a lot of Bays, Rivers, and Seas, The Arabian Sea. The Main Rivers were Ganga, or Ganges River, The Brahmaputra River, The Yamuna River, The Gidavari River, The Kirshna River, and The Saraswati River. The most important river was the Saraswati river in Ancient India. The rivers were mostly used for Food Transportation, Food, and Water Resources.

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Climate of India

The Climate depended on were you were, if you were in the North or the South. The North's Climate was Tropical. The South's Climate was a very Calm Climate.

The Climate is mostly Rainy or Warm.

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Why is India a Subcontinent?

India is a Subcontinent because India is very large, but not big enough to be a Continent.


The typical house during the time of the Gupta empire was made of bamboo or wood with a covered roof. Many home had only one room, although two rooms or more were not uncommon. Even the nobles and kings lived in wooden houses and palaces. They lived in Loud Villages.

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In Ancient India, clothing could measure your economical Rank. The men wore colorful robes of various beautiful colors. The women also wore color robes and large amounts of jewelry made out of gold and other rare stones. This is also based on your economical Level.
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The Ancient Indians farmed and ate things like grapes, dates, barley, wheat, peas, and melons.

Ancient Indians had three meals per day. For breakfast, they ate things like wheat, dates, and water. For lunch, they would have something simple like grapes and melon. For dinner, they would have something like barley, peas, and from their grapes, wine.

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In most societies, the children were taught from an early age by some form of a teacher. In Ancient India, the teacher was called a guru. These gurus were very much respected, so much to the point where the chief of the tribe’s son was less important on the social Level than the guru. The guru taught the children how to read and write using leaves and tree bark to write on.

They were taught by craftsmen only if they wanted to become craftsmen. The craftsmen created things like pottery, metal bowls, weaved baskets, and clothing.

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The Jobs manly consisted of Farming, Craftsman, and the Royal Army. But there were Writers, Artist, and Musicians. Later on Jobs open up like carpenters, barbers, doctors, goldsmiths, and weavers.
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In Ancient India children played with toys such as whistles shaped like birds, small carts to roll down hills, and toy monkeys that can roll down a string. Ancient Indian Adults would go to public pools to swim, have fun, and in rare occasions have religious ceremonies and dances. Dancing was also a main part of entertainment in Ancient India.
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Ancient India's Goverment

Once the government was controlled the economy improved. Trade routes were safer, and the road system increased in size. Farmers didn’t have to pay tax anymore. The security was a lot more advanced, so the town and the people were safe. This made India one of the strongest and fastest growing economies. From the first to eleventh century and into the eighteenth they had the world’s largest economy. Since the economy was strong and so was the government, jobs opened up such as, carpenters, barbers, doctors, goldsmiths, and weavers.
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The Indians created the Zero concept and Number system.
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Indians calculated the solar year of 365 days.
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The Indians preformed plastic surgery and took care of Disease.
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The Martial arts of Judo and Karate. Were the most popular sports.
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Games such as Chess, Snakes and Ladders, Playing Cards, Polo, had originated in India and it was from here that these games were transmitted to foreign countries, where they were further developed.
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Basic Beliefs

Some Basic Beliefs are, Hindus believe there is only one Supreme Being, Brahman; They pursue knowledge of Truth and Reality; They strive for moral order and right action; and They promote tolerance. Many Westerners also know that Hindus worship a variety of gods and goddesses who personify aspects of Brahman; Take pilgrimages to holy sites; Celebrate festivals throughout the year; and believe that time is cyclical. These aspects of the religion introduce some of the complexities that are fascinating to study.
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Main Gods and Goddesses

  • Brahma, the Creator
  • Vishnu, the Preserver
  • Shiva, the Destroyer
  • Ganapati, the Remover of Obstacles
  • Avatars of Vishnu
  • Saraswati, the Goddess of Learning
  • Indra, the King of Heaven and lord of the gods
  • Agni, the fire god
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Fun Facts

Thus Hinduism is a pantheistic religion: It equates God with the universe. Yet Hindu religion is also polytheistic: populated with myriad gods and goddesses who personify aspects of the one true God,
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A Hindu believes that the individual soul (atman) is neither created nor destroyed; it has been, it is, and it will be. Actions of the soul while residing in a body require that it reap the consequences of those actions in the next life — the same soul in a different body.

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Basic Beliefs

Everything in life is impermanent and always changing.2.Because nothing is permanent, a life based on possessing things or persons doesn't make you happy. 3.There is no eternal, unchanging soul and "self" is just a collection of changing characteristics or attributes.
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Four Nobel Truths

1.) Human life has a lot of suffering.

2.)The cause of suffering is greed.

3.)There is an end to suffering.

4.)The way to end suffering is to follow the Middle Path.

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The Founder of Buddhism is Buddha.
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Fun Facts

Meditation is an essential practice to most Buddhists. Buddhists look within themselves for the truth and understanding of Buddha's teachings. They seek enlightenment, or nirvana, this way. Nirvana is freedom from needless suffering and being fully alive and present in one's life. It is not a state that can really be described in words -- it goes beyond words.