Bill of Rights
By: Alex Malay
What are the Bill of Rights
1st Amendment: freedom of speech,press, and religion
Court Case: Charles T. vs. United States. Charles was charged with breaking the Espionage act. Wendell Holmes said there should be restrictions of free speech, he said it was a danger to have everybody allowed to say anything.
2nd amendment: the right to bear arms
Court Case: D.C vs. Heller: 5 judges voted to allow the man to keep the gun 4 vote no. They debated in a whole to allow guns period.
3rd amendment: Privacy in the home
Court Case: Nevada Man, He filed a lawsuit because a cop forced himself into a mans house for "tactical advantege" for the domestic violence case next door. It was not considered a violation because the cop is not a soldier.
4th amendment: Unreasonable search and seizure
Court Case: Barron vs. Baltimore. Before the 4th ammendment the federal government could search your home. This case fought for the right to ban that so they needed a perment.
5th amendment: Double Jeopardy
Court Case: United States vs. Hapler. Dr. Hapler was convited of fraud medical charges of 585 dollars. He was given a cruel punishment of paying 130,000 dollars, for the 585 dollars of fraud, the supreme court ruled the charge unhumain.
6th amendment: The rights of the accused cases
Court Case: Barter vs. wing D, The trusted that Barterright to a speedy trial had not been violated. He didn't demanded his right untill 7 years had passed. The court decided time could not be alloted before a case.
7th amendment: The right to a jury trial
Court Case: Tull vs. U.S, The U.S filed a civil suit for discharging fill material into wetlands. THe district denined a jury trial and entered judgement.
8th amendment: Preventing cruel punishments
Court Case: Gregg vs. Georgia. Troy Gregg was convicted or of murder and robbery in hitchhiking in Georgia. The jury 1st sentenced Gregg to death penalty. In a 7 to 2 vote the death penalty was ruled no arbitury
9th amendment: Rights retained by the people
Court Case: Roe vs. Wade. Jane Roe had a hard life and could not suport another child. She wanted an abortion. The abortion was considered murder, so they let the state decide about abortions.
10th amendment: Limiting federal power
Court Case: hammer vs. Dagehart. Child labor was a thing in the 1800 and 1900 the court decided in a 5 to4 win the first child labor law was overturned.