Bill of Rights

By: Alex Malay

What are the Bill of Rights

They're the first 10 amendments, they gave the people rights.

1st Amendment: freedom of speech,press, and religion

You are given the power to follow any religion and say and write most everything. You have the power of press and the power to complain about the bill.

Court Case: Charles T. vs. United States. Charles was charged with breaking the Espionage act. Wendell Holmes said there should be restrictions of free speech, he said it was a danger to have everybody allowed to say anything.

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2nd amendment: the right to bear arms

Sometimes in harsh, will be forced to become apart of the army. The citizens are allowed to own guns under the restrictions, and under a background check

Court Case: D.C vs. Heller: 5 judges voted to allow the man to keep the gun 4 vote no. They debated in a whole to allow guns period.

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3rd amendment: Privacy in the home

Going against the quartering act, in a time of peace no soldier can demand toj live in your home and eat your food.

Court Case: Nevada Man, He filed a lawsuit because a cop forced himself into a mans house for "tactical advantege" for the domestic violence case next door. It was not considered a violation because the cop is not a soldier.

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4th amendment: Unreasonable search and seizure

Cops not a search warrant to be allowed to search your home and seize your stuff.

Court Case: Barron vs. Baltimore. Before the 4th ammendment the federal government could search your home. This case fought for the right to ban that so they needed a perment.

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5th amendment: Double Jeopardy

IN a serious crime a grand jury must decide if there is enough evidence to prove guilty. Only one court case is allowed, you cannot be charge for the same crime twice.

Court Case: United States vs. Hapler. Dr. Hapler was convited of fraud medical charges of 585 dollars. He was given a cruel punishment of paying 130,000 dollars, for the 585 dollars of fraud, the supreme court ruled the charge unhumain.

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6th amendment: The rights of the accused cases

The trial will happen as fast as possible, it is public, and the final choice is GUILTY or NOT GUILTY.

Court Case: Barter vs. wing D, The trusted that Barterright to a speedy trial had not been violated. He didn't demanded his right untill 7 years had passed. The court decided time could not be alloted before a case.

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7th amendment: The right to a jury trial

A jury can settle a civil case with money, but once this case is decided it can't be brought up in another court.

Court Case: Tull vs. U.S, The U.S filed a civil suit for discharging fill material into wetlands. THe district denined a jury trial and entered judgement.

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8th amendment: Preventing cruel punishments

The punishment you receive will be suited to your crime. The bail is not a ridiculous price and no cruel punishments can be given

Court Case: Gregg vs. Georgia. Troy Gregg was convicted or of murder and robbery in hitchhiking in Georgia. The jury 1st sentenced Gregg to death penalty. In a 7 to 2 vote the death penalty was ruled no arbitury

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9th amendment: Rights retained by the people

The rights listed are not the only rights the people have. the government has no power to take away rights.

Court Case: Roe vs. Wade. Jane Roe had a hard life and could not suport another child. She wanted an abortion. The abortion was considered murder, so they let the state decide about abortions.

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10th amendment: Limiting federal power

The state government have the power if the constitution says that you can't do something then it is up to the state on the law.

Court Case: hammer vs. Dagehart. Child labor was a thing in the 1800 and 1900 the court decided in a 5 to4 win the first child labor law was overturned.

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