Country's history

Mongolia's history is extremely long; it spans over 5,000. "The Mongols has little inclination to ally with other nomadic peoples of northern Asia and, until the end of the 12th century, the Mongols were little more than a loose confederation of rival clans, It was in the late 12th century that a 20-year-old Mongol named Temujin emerged and managed to unite most of the Mongol tribes. In 1189 he was given the honorary name of Genghis Khan, meaning 'universal king'. No Mongolian leader before or since has united the Mongolians so effectively."

Mongol leader Genghis Khan (1162-1227) rose from humble beginnings to establish the largest land empire in history. After uniting the nomadic tribes of the Mongolian plateau, he conquered huge chunks of central Asia and China. His descendents expanded the empire even further, advancing to such far-off places as Poland, Vietnam, Syria and Korea. At their peak, the Mongols controlled between 11 and 12 million contiguous square miles, an area about the size of Africa. Many people were slaughtered in the course of Genghis Khan’s invasions, but he also granted religious freedom to his subjects, abolished torture, encouraged trade and created the first international postal system. Genghis Khan died in 1227 during a military campaign against the Chinese kingdom of Xi Xia. His final resting place remains unknown.

Manchu controlled Mongolia from the year 1691 to 1911. Thanks to the fall of the Manchu dynasty that controlled stopped. A group of Mongol princes "proclaimed" the living Buddha of Urga to be ruler. "Mongolians have always taken wholeheartedly to Tibetan Buddhism and the links between Mongolia and Tibet are old and deep." In 1921 there were 110,000 lamas or monks in Mongolia living in 700 monasteries. In the 1930s thousands of monks were arrested. Some believed that by the year 1939 3% of Mongolia's population, at the time, was executed or out of 27,000; 17,000 were monks.

Current Facts


      2,992,908 (July 2015 est.)

      Ethnic groups:

      Khalkh 81.9%, Kazak 3.8%, Dorvod 2.7%, Bayad 2.1%, Buryat-Bouriates 1.7%, Zakhchin 1.2%, Dariganga 1%, Uriankhai 1%, other 4.6% (2010 est.)


      Khalkha Mongol 90% (official), Turkic, Russian (1999)


      Buddhist 53%, Muslim 3%, Christian 2.2%, Shamanist 2.9%, other 0.4%, none 38.6% (2010 est.)


      definition: age 15 and over can read and write

      total population: 98.4%

      male: 98.2%

      female: 98.6% (2015 est.)


    Health expenditures:

    6% of GDP (2013)

    country comparison to the world: 105

    Physicians density:

    2.84 physicians/1,000 population (2011)

    Hospital bed density:

    6.8 beds/1,000 population (2012)

    Drinking water source:


    urban: 66.4% of population

    rural: 59.2% of population

    total: 64.4% of population


    urban: 33.6% of population

    rural: 40.8% of population

    total: 35.6% of population (2015 est.)

    Sanitation facility access:


    urban: 66.4% of population

    rural: 42.6% of population

    total: 59.7% of population


    urban: 33.6% of population

    rural: 57.4% of population

    total: 40.3% of population (2015 est.)

    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:

    0.04% (2013 est.)

    country comparison to the world: 124

    HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:

    600 (2013 est.)

    country comparison to the world: 124

    HIV/AIDS - deaths:

    fewer than 100 (2013 est.)

    country comparison to the world: 115

    Obesity - adult prevalence rate:

    15.7% (2014)

    country comparison to the world: 122

    Children under the age of 5 years underweight:

    1.6% (2013)

    country comparison to the world: 92

Not everyone in the country has clean water to drink or access to sanitation and this causes diseases to be more frequent and health care isn't readily accessible to everyone so treatment for diseases isn't available.
Big image

Primary Education

Mongolia continues to adhere to the Soviet model of 10 years of school education of which 8 are compulsory, although this is being gradually extended in the direction of the European model. There is also an extensive pre-school education system, where children may enroll from age 3 onwards. Primary school iteslf begins at age 8 and lasts for 4 years.

Middle Education

The next 4 years are spent at middle school where a general academic curriculum is followed. These are more often than not found in denser populated areas and rural children may have to travel some distance to attend them. This is the 1st of many hurdles that lie before a peasant child aspiring to a better life.

Secondary Education

After completing their 8 years of compulsory education, students may stay on for a further 2 to 3 years of higher secondary education, although those not living in the urban hubs may have to stay in hostels. Students who do not attend a general school for 2 years may go on to vocational school instead, where they learn para-professional skills in for example primary school teaching or bookkeeping.

Big image
Traditional round structures made of wood frames covered with felt and animal skins. Over centuries these structures have evolved to protect their inhabitants from the harsh winter weather.

Link to 2nd Smore