RAD-iation in Cancer Treatment

By: Joey O'Kelly, Lauren Bahr, and Ellie Magera

Radioactive Isotopes used to treat cancer

Radioactive Isotopes are a tried and true therapy for treating some types of cancer. These radioactive isotopes are inserted into the body and destroy cancer cells.

Facts

⅔ of patients will receive radiation treatment.

50% of people with brain cancer and receive treatment will survive

59% of people with lung cancer and receive treatment will survive

75% of people with other cancer and receive treatment will survive

Radioactive Isotopes History

“Nuclear medicine was developed in the 1950s by physicians with an endocrine emphasis, initially using iodine-131 to diagnose and then treat thyroid disease.”


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Pros of Radioactive isotopes in Radiation Therapy

  • Effective way to get rid of cancerous tumors
  • Prolongs life

Cons of Radioactive isotopes in Radiation Therapy

  • You are putting radioactive materials in your body
  • Expensive
  • Kills more than just the cancerous cells in the body

Works Cited

"Cancer." Wikipedia, 31 Aug. 2016, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brachytherapy?scrlybrkr=64b1c005.

"Gamma: How it Works." 5 Feb. 2015, www.mirror.co.uk/news/uk-news/hundreds-desperate-cancer-patients-banned-5114211?scrlybrkr=5d52ff91.

Johnson, Kate. "Backing off from Brachytherapy? Deciphering the Decline." Medscape, WebMD, 5 May 2015, www.medscape.com/viewarticle/844215?scrlybrkr=82c65f7e.

"MIBG Injection." Lee Memorial Health System, 22 Oct. 2014.

"Nuclear Reactor as a Cancer Cure." Phys.org, Science X, 5 Mar. 2005, phys.org/news/2005-03-nuclear-reactor-cancer.html?scrlybrkr=202a562e#.

"Radioimmunotherapy Can Destroy HIV-Infected Cells, Study Shows." Huffington Post, 3 Dec. 2013, www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/12/03/radioimmunotherapy-hiv-infected-cells_n_4373622.html?scrlybrkr=bf09a7a0.

"Radioisotopes in Medicine." World Nuclear Association, Sept. 2016, www.world-nuclear.org/information-library/non-power-nuclear-applications/radioisotopes-research/radioisotopes-in-medicine.aspx.

The Science Behind Radiation Therapy. American Cancer Society, 27 Oct. 2014, www.cancer.org/acs/groups/cid/documents/webcontent/003019-pdf.pdf.

"Understanding Radiation Therapy." Cancer.Net, American Society of Clinical Oncology, Nov. 2015, www.cancer.net/navigating-cancer-care/how-cancer-treated/radiation-therapy/understanding-radiation-therapy.