EQUAL PAY FOR WOMEN
Faces of Change: Lilly Ledbetter's Equal Pay Story
Step 1: Recognizing the problem / setting the agenda
After John F. Kennedy signed the Equal Pay Act in 1963, women continuously earned lower pay than men that worked the same job. Lilly Ledbetter worked at Goodyear for 20 years and found out through an anonymous note that she was paid less than her male co-workers working the same exact job. In July of 1998, Lily filed an EEOC charge and sued Goodyear for pay discrimination.
Step 2: Formulating the policy
The bill was sent to the Supreme Court and they made a 5-4 decision stating that she should have filed it within the 180 days of the time when they paid her less than other male workers. It was then up to the Congress to correct the Court. Congress found the unequal pay to be unlawful and that the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 needed to be amended.
Step 3: Adopting the policy
The Lilly Ledbetter Fair Act Pay of 2009 was passed by the Senate with 72 votes for and 23 votes against the act. It was then sent straight to the House of Representatives and passed with 250 votes for and 177 votes against. On January 29, 2009, President Obama signed The Lilly Ledbetter Act, which was the first bill he signed into law. This overruled the Supreme Court's 2007 ruling and allowed Title VII, The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, The Rehabilitation Act of 1973, and The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 to be amended.
Step 4: Implementing the policy
The Lilly Ledbetter Act applies to all kinds of discrimination, including sex, race, color, religion, national origin, age, and disability. Filing a discrimination charge should be filed with 180 days of the first unequal paycheck that is received. In order to execute the new law, commission employees and affected individuals will be provided with training. The Secretary of Labor will provide information that could help the people in order to understand and address any discrimination. If any employer are to violate the law, they will be liable for any damages
Step 5: Evaluating the policy
The Act is another step into equality and can help many women financially. Even with the more equality amongst all men and women, there is always a flaw. Unfortunately, all companies will need to consider job placements, transfers, promotions, and training opportunities that could affect the current pay. Employers will need to keep a record on their employment actions that could affect their pay down the road. The Lilly Ledbetter Act can cause many false claims and burden businesses. Employers will change their hiring, firing, and wage practice in order to reduce the risk of lawsuits. All of this can cause increased prices in goods and services.