Asia Essential Topics

Fatima Lopez

China's rise Economically and growing influence around the World

China's rapid growth in economy started back in the late 1970's when the Communist Party first introduced capitalist market principles. This meant that China was now open to foreign trade and free market economy. From this point on, China has successfully climbed their way through the economy sector. Their economy is the 2nd largest in the world, right behind the U.S which places in 1st place. China's economy also plays a major global role that not only boosts their own economy but it boosts other countries's economy worldwide. In 2001, China surpassed Japan in the countries's economy ranking, in 2010, China became the world's largest exporter, and in 2012, China stood second in being the largest economy in the world. Like mentioned previously, China plays a big role in the economy world and without it then other countries's economy would be significantly affected.

Buddhism vs. Hinduism

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The Kashmir Conflict

Under the Indian Independence Act of 1947, Kashmir was then freed to choose to be part of India, Pakistan or even remain neutral as an independent region. This region mostly consists of the northern part of South Asia, which includes Kashmir, Jammu, and Ladakh. Ever since then, both India and Pakistan have been claiming this territory as their own which has caused a lot of violence over the past 50 years. There has been at least 3 wars over this territory in 1947, 1965, and 1999. And, even though the violence has decreased, it is still going on causing a lot of destruction and suffering to the civilians in this region. The conflict does not only exists between these two countries but it also exists between the people of Kashmir, they are considered the third party in this dispute. Most civilians in this region prefer independence from either country. The side that India wants to claim as their own contains three different regions. That include the Veil of Kashmir, the capital at Srinagar, the lower lying Jammu, which used to contain more Hindus and the mountainous Ladakh, with its Tibetan Buddhist population. And Pakistan claims a strip of land from Mirpur in the South Western corner up to the mountain region of Gilget in the North West. Both of these populations in these regions have moved around throughout the years, and the number of those being killed or made homeless has turned into thousands. A long lasting solution to this conflict should be made but disagreements have made it difficult to come to a final solution.
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The Caste System

The caste system is an ancient Indian traditional organization of the South Asian (mainly Hindu) society. The future of these people are based on their heredity. If a person was born from a upper class family, then they would have to remain in that class and marry and give birth to children of the same class. Eventually this system became a cycle in which choices for your own future are very limited, even today the system is still in effect. The caste system is displayed on a pyramid in which there are 5 different classes. First, there are the "Brahmins" which are the priests. Then, there are the "Kshatriyas" which are the warriors and rulers, next there are the "Vaisyas" which are the skilled traders, merchants, and minor officials. And then there's the "Sudras" which are the unskilled workers and finally there are the "Pariah" which are considered the "outcasts", "untouchables", and the "children of God". Once you are born into one of these classes then it becomes very difficult to mix with another class, and if if you were born at the bottom, then it is harder to move up in the pyramid.

(Is it racism or a heavenly way of life?)

In my opinion, I don't believe that the caste system is being really fair because people should be allowed to move up in social status in order to become more successful and live a better and happier life.

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China's 1 child per family policy

China is heavily populated and their goal is to limit their population number as much as possible and by doing this the "One child per Family" policy was created. The "One Child per Family" policy is a way that the Chinese government in 1978 was able to control population in China. He created this policy in order to ease social, economic and environmental issues. This policy still takes place today, and it is estimated that it has prevented more than 250 million births throughout the years, from 1980 and 2000. In 2008, it was announced that this policy will remain for at least another decade. Violations to this policy are still done, especially in government officials. There are many ups and downs to this policy but the policy has affected the population of China, without it China would be extremely overpopulated.

Bibliography:

"BBC News - Q&A: Kashmir dispute." BBC - Homepage. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 May 2013. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/10537286>.


"South Asian Development Partnership, UK." South Asian Development Partnership, UK. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 May 2013. <http://www.southasian.org.uk/intro_kashm


glogster. "Buddhism Vs Hinduism | Publish with Glogster!." Glogster - join the visual communication network . N.p., n.d. Web. 23 May 2013. <http://www.glogster.com/katnk15/buddhism-vs-hinduism/g-6l83ihrv0tid8uk84hvpja0>


2013 World Factbook . "China Economy 2013 ." Theodora . N.p., 11 Mar. 2011. Web. 21 May 2013. <http://www.theodora.com/wfbcurrent/chi


" China GDP Growth Rate | Data | Chart | Forecast | News." TRADING ECONOMICS | 300.000 INDICATORS FROM 196 COUNTRIES. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 May 2013. <http://www.tradingeconomics.com/china/gdp-growth>.