Immigration from Laos

By: Berg Christensen

Push Pull Factors

Push=Crowding, low living standards, Government.


Pull=Cheaper living costs, education, better jobs.

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Ravenstein's Laws

Rural to urban= Hmong come from small, isolated villages in the jungle to much larger cities like St. Paul and Minneapolis.


Long journeys in steps= Hmong usually move from villages in Laos to a coastal harbor town in Vietnam and China, To West coast cities like San Francisco and San Diego. And finally moving to Minnesotan cities.

Immigration challenges

The weather is far different in Southern Minnesota then in Western Laos. Some people and groups look at the Hmong and see competition for jobs or homes.