Sorghum

Ashley Hastert

Description

-2 to 4 ft tall

-Grains are 3 to 4 mm in diameter

-Fibrous roots

-Annual plant

-Has a panicle head

-Spikilets occur in pairs

-Sessile is fertile and the Pedicellate is sterile

-Pollination begins at the top of panicle

Growing Places

1-Mexico

2-Africa

3-Asia

4-Egypt

5-India

6-China

7-12 states in the US including the Great Plains

Why It Grows There

-Doesn't need much water

-Can survive long hot summers

-Grows in wide range of soil and climate conditions

-Can grow where corn can't make it without substantial irrigation

Planting

-Soil should be 60-65*

-May 15th to early June

-1 inch deep in heavy soil or 1.5 to 2 inches in sandy soil

-Rows of 10-40 inches width

Harvesting

-If standing, can be combined with regular grain head

-Wider wheel bats are need so the head of plant isn't thrown over

Pest Problems

-Wire worm

-Root worm

-White grubs

-Whitefringed beetle larve

-Seedcorn maggots

-Southern corn root worm

-Lesser cornstalk borer

-Headworms

Mangement of Pests

-Crop rotation

-Maintaining fertility

-Early planting

-Timely harvesting

Uses

-Livestock feed (seed, leaves, and stock)

-Cereal and flour (cereal grain)

-Beer/Alcoholic beverages (cereal grain)

-Syrup(stalks)

-Paper(starch)

Fun Facts

-Sorghum has a hard shell kernel which makes it resistant for diseases but harder to digest for animals

-can be cooked like rice, made into porridge, baked into flat bread and popped like popcorn