By Emily McEwan
Alan Turing was born on 23 June, 1912, in London. He studied mathematics at Cambridge University and then went on to Princeton University in 1936. In 1938, he returned tot England and began working part time for the British cryptanalytic department, the Government Code and Cypher School. On the outbreak of war he took up full-time work at its headquarters, Bletchley Park.
The Enigma machine
A machine Turing created in the second world war to brake the enemy codes.
Turing and the enigma
Alan was famous for his enigma machine, after the war.
At Bletchley he played a vital role in deciphering the messages encrypted by the German Enigma machine, which provided vital intelligence for the Allies. He took the lead in a team that designed a machine known as a bombe that successfully decoded German messages. He became a well-known and rather eccentric figure at Bletchley. After the war, Turing turned his thoughts to the development of a machine that would logically process information. In 1949, he went to Manchester University where he directed the computing laboratory and developed a body of work that helped to form the basis for the field of artificial intelligence.