Bill of Rights
Lena Ngo. U.S History.Period 1
What are the Bill of Rights?
First Amendment: Freedom of Speech, Religion, and Press
Second Amendment: Right to Keep and Bear Arms
- Court Case: Bliss v. Commonwealth
Summary: Man named Bliss was fined $100 for carrying a sword hidden in a cane. The outcome were differing results, and they all cited today in debates over the second amendment and what it means.
Third Amendment: Right to Keep Privacy of Home
Fourth Amendment: No Unreasonable Search and Seizures
- Court Case: Barron v. Baltimore
Summary: American citizens could be denied their Fourth Amendment rights, in any local or state courts. The Supreme Court had made it clear that the Bill of Right did not apply to actions taken by local or state governments.
Fifth Amendment: Double Jeopardy, self-Incrimination, and Due Process of Law
Sixth Amendment: Rights of the Accused in Criminal Cases
- Court Case: Miranda v. Arizona
Summary: In 1963, Ernesto Miranda was accused of attacking a young woman. As a result, the Supreme Court made the Miranda Rights where you have the right to remain silent and anything you say can and will be used against you in a court of law, etc. Basically what police say when they arrest someone.
Seventh Amendment: Rights to a Jury Trial
Eighth Amendment: No Cruel and Unusual Punishment
- Court Case: Robinson v. California
Nineth Amendment: Rights Retained by the People
- Court Case: Roe v. Wade