Prevention and Wellness

About Cancer:

Cancer is a disease of the genes. Genes are formed from DNA and are located on chromosomes. They carry the hereditary instructions for the cell to make the proteins required for many body functions.

A mutation of the DNA replication or genes, radiation, certain infections, smoking or alcohol are some of the main known causes of cancer in a human.

Common Cancers

Cancer is common throughout the world but in PA, the most common cancer is skin cancer. Skin cancer is caused by excessive exposure to sunlight. Overall in America, breast cancer, prostate cancer and lung cancer are the top three cancers to be seen in patients.


One-third of all cancer deaths are due to a poor diet. High-fat diets have been associated with cancers of the colon and rectum, prostate, endometrium, and possibly breast cancer. Consumption of red meat has been associated with increased cancer at various sites, such as the colon and prostate. A high calorie diet and low level of physical activity can lead to obesity. This increases the risk for cancer in various places of the body.


Although cancer can be hard to prevent, there are some precautions you can take. Some examples are making sure you minimize exposure to tobacco or alcohol, and by promoting a healthy lifestyle through diet and physical activity.

They use the acronym C.A.U.T.I.O.N to help explain the prevention of cancer.

C – Change in bowel or bladder habits. This is a common sign of colorectal cancer.

A – A sore that does not heal in a normal amount of time. If located on the skin or in the mouth, skin cancer or oral cancer could be the cause.

U – Unusual bleeding or discharge. Any bleeding from the bladder, vagina, or rectum could mean prostate, cervical, or colorectal cancer.

T – Thickening of breast tissue or a lump. Any thickening of tissue or a lump on the breast can be a sign of cancer. A lump on a testicle can mean testicular cancer.

I – Indigestion. Indigestion and/or difficulty swallowing can be a symptom of stomach, throat, esophagus, or mouth cancer.

O – Obvious changes to moles or warts. This is the most common sign of skin cancer.

N – Nagging cough. A cough that lasts for four weeks or longer can be a symptom of lung and/or throat cancer.