Prevention and Wellness
A mutation of the DNA replication or genes, radiation, certain infections, smoking or alcohol are some of the main known causes of cancer in a human.
One-third of all cancer deaths are due to a poor diet. High-fat diets have been associated with cancers of the colon and rectum, prostate, endometrium, and possibly breast cancer. Consumption of red meat has been associated with increased cancer at various sites, such as the colon and prostate. A high calorie diet and low level of physical activity can lead to obesity. This increases the risk for cancer in various places of the body.
They use the acronym C.A.U.T.I.O.N to help explain the prevention of cancer.
C – Change in bowel or bladder habits. This is a common sign of colorectal cancer.
A – A sore that does not heal in a normal amount of time. If located on the skin or in the mouth, skin cancer or oral cancer could be the cause.
U – Unusual bleeding or discharge. Any bleeding from the bladder, vagina, or rectum could mean prostate, cervical, or colorectal cancer.
T – Thickening of breast tissue or a lump. Any thickening of tissue or a lump on the breast can be a sign of cancer. A lump on a testicle can mean testicular cancer.
I – Indigestion. Indigestion and/or difficulty swallowing can be a symptom of stomach, throat, esophagus, or mouth cancer.
O – Obvious changes to moles or warts. This is the most common sign of skin cancer.
N – Nagging cough. A cough that lasts for four weeks or longer can be a symptom of lung and/or throat cancer.