The New York Sentinal
December 31st, 1850
THE TERRIBLE EFFECT OF CHILD LABOR
People believe that this was an effect of child labor. John was a very young boy who clearly didn't know how to work the complicated machines that are used in factories. This is a perfect example why child labor shouldn't be legal in factories, more and more children are being forced to work which is unacceptable. Factory owners need to think of innocent children such as John,when hiring because nobody deserves such a terrible fate.
CELEBRATING A SUCCESSFUL HALF-CENTURY
Starting in the year 1800, Count Alessandro Volta invented the battery which helps us power machines and such. A very important invention, the steam boat, was invented in 1807 by Robert Fulton. This made trading much more efficient and easy. Then, another change to trading was invented by George Stephenson, the Steam Powered Train. This affected peoples transportation and made a major difference in trading. We can get places much faster to trade because of this change to our world. Another impacting change was the invention of the Telegraph by Samuel Morse in 1837. This allows people to communicate from far away through wires. Each of these inventions was a part of the Transportation Revolution, transportation is faster, cheaper, and has greater range than canals. The transportation revolution produced the rapid growth of towns and cities.
Overall, the success of our nation has been majorly impacted in these last 50 years. Major contributions to the way our trade works were made, we can now easily travel places fast and trading is much more efficient. If in just fifty years we have done this much, imagine our nation come 1900!
WORKERS NEEDED IN JOHNATHAN'S TEXTILES
The textile industry has been rapidly improving for hundreds and thousands of years. It all started back in 6300 B.C. when woven cloth was discovered in Turkey. Then Hundreds of years later, in 300 B.C, the Greeks and Romans developed an enormous trade in textiles. Eventually, in 1200 A.D. the spinning wheel started to be used very often to make fabrics and cloths. Then in 1790, Samuel Slater built the first-water powered machines in the United States for spinning cotton. Soon after this in the year of 1793, Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin, a machine that revolutionizes the production of cotton by greatly speeding up the process of removing seeds from cotton fiber. Now today, we use power looms in our factory to make our workplace more efficient.
If you are considering work here, please come to our factory at 1745, Loomville street, New York City, New York, 6589. We hope to see you there!
DAILY FACT ARTICLE:LOWELL SYSTEM VS RHODE ISLAND SYSTEM
Starting with the Lowell System, earlier in the 1800's, Francis Cabot Lowell built the Boston Manufacturing Company, which was the first full cotton spinning and weaving mill in the United States. To get the necessary work force for his plant, Lowell created an innovative working plan, otherwise known as the Lowell System. Girls who came to work at the textile factory were housed in supervised dormitories and were provided with needed education. Lowell believed that by providing safety in the workplace, comfortable living conditions, and a positive living and working environment labor would increase steadily. This worked for a few years, but in the 1830s and 1840s the Lowell System faltered. Increased competition in the textile industry caused factory owners like Lowell to cut wages and lengthen hours. In 1834 Lowell cut his workers' wages by 25 percent. The workers responded by going on a strike and organizing the Factory Girls Association, a labor union, but the union's efforts didn't work. Two years later the "Lowell Girls" struck again when their housing rates were raised; again the strike failed, as workers found themselves unable to make ends meet and were back on the job within a month.
The Rhode Island System was invented by Samuel Slater for the same reason as the Lowell system, to get the necessary workers for his working plant. The way that the Rhode Island System worked was that entire families were hired and everyone had their own separate jobs that they had to accomplish. These people all worked for a system of mills developed by Samuel Slater and his brother, John Slater. This system was much more successful than the Lowell System.
These systems are obviously very different and similar at the same time. The similarities are that they were both ways to get more workers in different factories or mills. They used lots of people; males, females, and children. The differences were that the Rhode Island system was much more effective than the Lowell system and lasted much longer. Also, while the Lowell system was for his factory, the Rhode Island system was for a mill. The Rhode Island system was much more effective than the Lowell system. The people felt that they were being treated more fairly, therefore it was more successful.