Discovering China

Andrew Kerr, Hour 3

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Geography

  • China is the second largest country in the world by land area.
  • China is the home of Mount Everest, the tallest mountain in the world. (8,848 m)
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  • The dried lake bed of Ayding, the country's lowest point in elevation, has the third lowest point in the world.
  • One third of China's land area is made up of mountains.
  • Has the longest combined land border in the world. (22,117 km)
  • China multiple varieties of land types including deserts, mountains, and fertile river basins.
  • Has 50,000 rivers. Including the Yangtze River, the third longest in the world.
  • China's total area is approximately 9,600,000 square kilometers
  • China is made up of 20% deserts
  • Extremely diverse climate; mainly subtropic in the south to subarctic in the north.

Culture

Social Organization

  • Life in China revolves around the family
  • China has a one-child policy to keep the population under control.
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Customs and Tradition

  • Some Chinese holidays include New Years Day, Mid-Autumn Festival, Labor Day, and Chinese New Year.
  • China still maintains strong ties to its past.
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Language

  • Chinese is the official language of China.
  • The Chinese character has more than 3,000 years of history
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Religion

  • Buddhism has the widest influence across, but other major languages include Taoism, Confucianism, Islam, and Christianity.
  • The number of religious worshipers is estimated at well over 100 million.
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Arts and Literature

  • Chinese art includes poetry, paper cutting, shadow puppetry, and painting pottery.
  • Art focused on "the three perfections"; painting, poetry, and calligraphy.
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Government

  • China's government type is a communist state.
  • China's communist party maintains tight control of speech, religion, and assembly.
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Economy

  • China's GDP per capita is $9,800
  • China has the highest Labor force in the world, with a total of 797.6 million people.
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DBQ's

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  • What caused China's total fertility rate start to decrease around 1970?
1979 is the year China first introduced its one-child policy.

  • Why is China's total fertility rate maintaining a steady flow as of recent years?
The Chinese government is being very strict about the policy but as of recent years have allowed single child parents to have 2 children instead of one.

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