The Large Intestine
By: Isamari Garcia, Cassandra Flores, Abraham Lopez
Part of The Alimentary Canal
The colon is part of the large intestine, the final part of the digestive system. Its function is to reabsorb fluids and process waste products from the body and prepare for its elimination. The colon consists of four parts.
While the small intestine plays a major role in absorbing nutrients from food, the large intestine plays a much smaller role. It stores waste, reclaims water, maintains water balance, absorbs certain vitamins , and provides for flora-aided (mostly bacterial) fermentation.
Aid to the Digestive System
The Four Major Parts Of The Large Intestine
Independent Large Intestine
- dull pain in the stomach
- weight loss
- not wanting to eat because of pain
- nausea or vomiting
- burping or acid reflux
- heartburn (burning sensation in the chest)
- pain improves when you eat, drink, or take antacids
- an infection with the bacterium H. Pylori
- long-term use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as aspirin and ibuprofen
- excess acid (hyperacidity) in the stomach, which may be related to genetics, lifestyle (stress, smoking), and certain foods
- Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, a rare disease that makes the body produce excess stomach acid
- Excessive consumption of alcohol
Stomach ulcers are painful sores that can be found in the stomach lining or small intestine. Stomach ulcers are the most visible sign of peptic ulcer disease. They occur when the thick layer of mucus that protects your stomach from digestive juices is reduced, thus enabling the digestive acids to eat away at the lining tissues of the stomach.
Stomach ulcers are easily cured, but they can become severe without proper treatment.
Treatment will depend on the cause of the ulcer. Most ulcers can be treated with a prescription of a doctor. It’s important to promptly treat an ulcer. If you have an actively bleeding ulcer, you’ll likely be hospitalized for intensive treatment with IV ulcer medications, and may also require blood transfusion.