Hernán Cortés

Governor and Captain General of New Spain

New Spain was the name of Mexico after Hernán Cortés took it over.

Explorer Background

Born around 1485, Hernán Cortés was a Spanish Conquistador and explorer who first set sail to New World at the age of 19. Cortés later joined an expedition to Cuba. In 1518, he set off to explore Mexico. There he strategically aligned some native people against others to overthrow them. King Charles I appointed him Governor and Captain General of New Spain in 1522. Cortés died in Spain in 1547. He studied Latin for 2 years at the university of Salamanca.

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Achievements/Discoveries

  • Defeated the Aztec Empire.
  • Claimed Mexico for Spain.
  • Appointed Governor and Captain General of New Spain
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Evaluation: Impact on World in his time.

  • Destroyed Aztec Empire.
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