MORAL REASONING

Kohlberg

Preconventional

Stage 1 - Egocentric


Reward and Punishment


Stage 2 - Reciprocity


Personal Gain and Mutual Gain



CONVENTIONAL

Stage 3 - Good Child


Social Approval and Keeping the Peace


Stage 4 - Law and Order


Social Order and Respect for Authority

POSTCONVENTIONAL

Stage 5 - Social Contract


Flexible Rules and Social Consensus


Stage 6 - Principles and Conscience


Dignity/Worth and Abstract Universal Values