Dwight D. Eisenhower

34th President of the United States (1953-61)

Early Life

Dwight Eisenhower was born in Denison, Texas on October 14th, 1890, but grew up in Abilene, Kansas. He was the third of seven boys. After attending school, he helped pay for his brother's tuition by working at an ice cream factory. Later, he graduated West Point in 1915, being placed in charge of a tank training school. Not seeing combat in WW1, he decided to stay with the military and pursue a career in being an officer.

He became Douglas MacArthur's administrative assistant during the 30's, and helped plan out US strategy during the opening stages of WW2. He was eventually promoted to Supreme Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Forces, being the central leader for all the armies that fought on the Allied side, including British, Canadian, Australian, Polish, and Free French forces. He planned and executed Operation Overlord, or the liberation of Europe from Nazi Germany.He also oversaw the occupation of Germany and Japan during the following months after the end of the war.

Career Before Presidency

After overseeing Europe's reconstruction, Dwight went home to the United States to be the Army Chief of Staff, but he turned over the position in favor of becoming President of Columbia University. During his time at Columbia, he was known as the absentee president, due to his many outings related to the military. He took a very long leave of absence to be Supreme Commander of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) till about 1952, when he retired from being Army Chief of Staff.
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After being pressured by many outside parties to become president after Truman, Eisenhower (or, as his campaign called him, "Ike") ran for president as a Republican.

Going up against Adlai Stevenson, he won 442 electoral votes to Stevenson's 89, with a margin of more than 6 million votes cast in Ike's favor.

Eisenhower was remember for being pretty stable in his policies, with no one issue really standing out. He intervened and stopped the Korean War, helped enforce Brown v. Board of Education (1954), and created the Interstate Highway System. He was also known for creating NASA during the height of the Space race with the USSR.

The 22nd Amendment to the Constitution limited the presidents time in office to two terms. He left office at the age of 70 years old.
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President's Cabinet

President Dwight D. Eisenhower 1953–1961

Vice President Richard Nixon 1953–1961

Secretary of State John Foster Dulles 1953–1959

Christian A. Herter 1959–1961

Secretary of Treasury George M. Humphrey 1953–1957

Robert B. Anderson 1957–1961

Secretary of Defense Charles E. Wilson 1953–1957

Neil H. McElroy 1957–1959

Thomas S. Gates, Jr. 1959–1961

Attorney General Herbert Brownell, Jr. 1953–1957

William P. Rogers 1957–1961

Postmaster General Arthur E. Summerfield 1953–1961

Secretary of the Interior Douglas McKay 1953–1956

Fred A. Seaton 1956–1961

Secretary of Agriculture Ezra Taft Benson 1953–1961

Secretary of Commerce Sinclair Weeks 1953–1958

Lewis L. Strauss 1958–1959

Frederick H. Mueller 1959–1961

Secretary of Labor Martin P. Durkin 1953

James P. Mitchell 1953–1961

Secretary of Health,
Education, and Welfare
Oveta Culp Hobby 1953–1955

Marion B. Folsom 1955–1958

Arthur S. Flemming 1958–1961

Later Life and Death

Eisenhower was active with the Republican party, having promoted his Vice President Richard Nixon for president during the 1960 election, till his death on March 28th, 1969.

He was 78 years old.

Major Achivements and Blunders

3 Achievements of Eisenhower's administration:
  • Interstate Highway System
  • NASA and the Space race
  • Ending the Korean War

3 Blunders of Eisenhower's administration:
  • Failure to promote civil rights
  • Unable to cope with international relations, especially with the USSR.
  • Was not able to limit the nuclear weapons race with the USSR.

Popularity during and after Presidency

Eisenhower was well liked during his presidency, as the nation was experiencing the Baby Boom and general economic good times. But, shortly after his term in office, he was known as a ineffective president who was not able to stand up to do something about the many problems the US faced, like civil rights and the growing threat of nuclear war. More recently, as time has passed, he is ranked as one of the top 10 presidents of all times due to his stances on Communism and the economy.
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Would Eisenhower be "Electable" Today?

I believe he would not be, as his middle of the road policies and general detachment from the whole political process would not even get his name on the nomination for the presidency.