Temperate Deciduous Forest

By: Heather Utt

Weather and Climate

The average temperature of the forest is about 50 degrees Fahrenheit. In the winter, precipitation is in the form of sleet, snow and hail. The average rainfall is 30 to 60 inches per year.


There are many different kind of animals that live in these kind of forests. Some are big like black bears, mountain lions and elk. Others are small like gray squirrels, skunks and raccoons. Then there is some in the middle. Like white-tailed deer, turkeys and coyotes.


There are many different kinds of plants in a Temperate Deciduous Forest. There are many trees like evergreens, oak and maple. There are also many different kind of shrubs and herbs.



Migrations and hibernation are the main ways that animals adapt to their surroundings. Birds migrate and many mammals hibernate in the winter when there is a shortage of food. Another way to adapt is food storage. Animals store food so that in the winter, they can go back to where they hid it and have food for the winter.


Deciduous means that plants lose their leaves every year and grow them back. This adaption helps trees in the forest survive winter. Their broad leaves capture energy from the sun and convert it to food by photosynthesis. When trees loose leaves, they seal the places where leaves were attached with a protective covering called a leaf scarf. Plants also make a concentrated sugar solution to stop water from freezing in their stems.