The Jewish people are descendants of Abraham, whose Semitic ancestors lived in the Fertile Crescent and who lived most of his life in the Middle Eastern country of Israel.
The central teachings/beliefs
Judaisms Holy days/Holidays
Judaism’s Places of Worship
Judaism’s Sacraments / Traditions
Judaism’s Worship Leaders
Chazan: Cantor, who leads congregation in prayer
Gabbai: Volunteer who assists with Torah readings
Kohein: Descendant of Aaron, the original High Priest
Levi: Descendant of the biblical Levites
Rebbe: The leader of a Chasidic community
Tzaddik: A righteous person with spiritual power
Judaism’s Holy Cities / Places
Nineteenth century out-of scale map of Judaism's four holy cities, with Jerusalem, Hebron, Safedt, and Tiberias. Each of the four cities includes representations of the sacred shrines, as well as the graves of sainted rabbis and holy men.
Jerusalem: Jerusalem is the holiest city in Judaism and the spiritual center of the Jewish people.
Hebron: Hebron is the burial place of most of the Jewish patriarchs and matriarchs.
Safedt: came to be regarded as a holy city after the influx of Jews following the expulsion from Spain in 1492.
Tiberias: was significant in Jewish history as the place where the “Jerusalem Talmud” was composed, but its status as a holy city was due to the influx of rabbis who established the city as a center for Jewish learning in the 18th and 19th centuries.
Besides God, which religious figure is common to all three religions?
Abraham is both common all three religions. They are called Abrahamic religions because they come from one source. Christians refer to Abraham as father in faith. Islam has religious practices that are like the traditions of Abraham. Judaism follows the practices and ideals of Abraham as one of the first spiritual fathers. All three religions claim to be direct descendants of Abraham.
Which view about God is common to all three religions?
All three religions believe in one God who created everything. God gives us messages in the texts of the holy books used to worship. He sends angels to give messages. One day he will judge us all on the Day of Judgement.