Common Infectious Diseases

And How To Keep Healthy

Common Infectious Diseases-Bacterial

  • Strep Throat- sore throat, swollen lymph nodes, headache, and fever
  • Lyme Disease- red rash, fever, chills, and body aches
  • Bacterial Meningitis- high fever, headache, vomiting, and stiff neck
  • Tuberculosis- fatigue, weight loss, mild fever, and a constant cough

  • Antibiotics kill bacteria and makes you better.

-Viral

  • Common Cold- sneezing, sore throat, runny nose, coughing, congestion, fever, headaches, and muscle aches
  • Influenza- high fever, sore throat, and cough
  • Pneumonia- infection in the lungs
  • Hepatitis-
A: transmitted by human waste and contaminated food and drink.

B: transmitted by blood or sexual contact.

C: transmitted by blood, sexual contact, or non-sterilized tattoo and body piercers.


  • Get lots of rest, eat a well-balanced diet, and plenty of fluids.
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Getting and Staying Healthy!

Seek medical care when...

-you have an extremely sore throat, earache, vomiting, diarrhea, or a temp. over 101º that lasts more than 2 days.

-mucus from your upper half is thick or yellowish green

-difficulty breathing

-severe pain anywhere

-an open wound that won't heal

-an illness that lasts longer than it should


What you can do to keep yourself healthy...

-wash your hands plenty during the day

-don't share towels, eating utensils, cups, or hairbrushes

-cook and store food properly

-don't get too close to sick people

-stay at home when sick

-get plenty of sleep

-manage stress

-don't skip meals, and eat healthy

-exercise regularly

-avoid bad substances (tobacco, alcohol, and illegal drugs)