By Logan Seaholm

Epilepsy and Seizures

What happens to the body during a seizure? What causes it? Do I have epilepsy? What is the difference between epilepsy and a seizure?

What is epilepsy?

Epilepsy is a condition where your nervous system is affected. Epilepsy is a seizure disorder where you have seizures at least two times, from unknown causes. Seizures happen when the electric charge passing from neuron to neuron in the brain get disrupted or "excited" all at the same time, causing a sort of electrical thunder storm going on in your brain. A seizure isn't always what we have stereotyped it to be. A seizure can be grand mal seizure or it could be a petite mal seizure. The difference is in a grand mal seizure, you could have loss of consciousness and or uncontrollable movements, where as in a petite mal seizure, it could just be that you lose focus or control of your body for a brief moment. Seizures can last anywhere from a few seconds to a couple of minuets.

What causes a seizure?

A seizure can be caused because of anything from flashing lights and crazy noises, (which is why there is that little notification before a video game) to plain nothing at all. That is what is so confusing to doctors and researchers. Anything can be the cause of a seizure.

It's more common than you think

Here are some people you may know that are epileptic: The famous rapper Lil Wayne, Prince, also the superstar running back for the Giants, Tiki Barber.

What are the numbers?

*Over 65 million people worldwide have epilepsy

*Around 2.5 million people in the United states have epilepsy and a rough estimate of 150,000 people are diagnosed every year in the U.S.

*One-third of people with epilepsy will live with uncontrollable seizures because the treatments provided do not work for them

*60% of people have epilepsy with an unknown cause


Works Cited

"Coming Soon!" Epilepsy and Seizure Information for Patients and Health Professionals. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Dec. 2013.

"KidsHealth from Nemours." KidsHealth. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2013.

Mayo Clinic. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, n.d. Web. 11 Dec. 2013.

"The Mission of the Epilepsy Foundation Is to Stop Seizures and SUDEP, Find a Cure and Overcome the Challenges Created by Epilepsy through Efforts including Education, Advocacy and Research to Accelerate Ideas into Therapies." Epilepsy Foundation. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Dec. 2013.

"National Center for Biotechnology Information." National Center for Biotechnology Information. U.S. National Library of Medicine, n.d. Web. 9 Dec. 2013.