Amazing Astronauts

By Stephanie B.

Astronauts

Did you know that astronauts grow two inches in space, but shrink back down when they come back to Earth? Well, it is true! Also, there is a training model called KC-135, and it allows future astronauts to see and feel what it is like in space for 20-25 seconds. They can even experience zero gravity and float! Also, they will learn that when they go into space for a while, they can lose tissue and their muscles may start to weaken. They need to prepare for these issues, so astronauts should have at least two hours of exercise every day. Astronauts sure have to be smart, train hard, and exercise a lot!

Training and Requirements

All astronauts have some unique skills, as pilots or even scientests. So they have gone through collage in what their part of their job they are going to be. They have to be at least twenty-five, or more commonly over thirty. It takes lots and lots of years to finally finish training . They must learn everything they need to know to become an astronaut. In order to do this, they make modals to let the the astronauts feel what it is like in space. Then, they will feel more comrtable and used to floating and all the things they need to know better in order to be the best they can be. Science kids even say," Once selected, NASA astronauts spend 20 months training in a variety of areas. To simulate space walks and equipment astronauts often have to train underwater in swimming pools here on earth."

Pressure and Spacesuits

Did you know that when you normally weigh 100 pounds, in space you only weigh 16 pounds? Well, that is because gravity on space is one sixth of what it is on earth. Next. the reason why they have space suits is because the temputures can be really hot or cold, and the garmet helps them deal with that. Scholastic says," Even an astronaut around Earth could get frozen if he or she didn't have a good spacesuit on because one side would get frozen by the dark and another part of it would heat up a little by the sun!" Also, the spacesuits cost about one million dollars each, and weigh 200 pounds on earth. In addition, there is no pressure on earth because earth is pretty much a vacum, and that is also one of the reasons why we have spacesuits. Finally, astronauts float in space! All in all, being an astronaut can be a very fun job, and also sometimes scary, but you have to know what you are doing or else you could get yourself in big trouble!

How they Live

  • they can not sleep in the front seats or they might press some buttons that could cause a disaster
  • eat 2000 calories a day to keep active
  • the two main languages in the ISS are English and Russian so they must know it
  • eat with sealed bags so the food does not spill everywhere
  • every few months an automated space craft comes and gives the astronauts food and it is loaded

Over all

Astronauts are very important, and they work hard no madder what crazy things they have to go through. They train hard, deal with the pressure, which is not easy, and how they live in the space shuttle is much different living in earth, and you need a lot of skills to do that. Astronauts have it hard. They are very important to us today, because if something goes wrong in space, they will try their best to fix it. Also, if something is wrong with a planet, and can cause something bad to our planet, they will warn us, and that could save our lives. Also, you can become an astronaut if you want! I wonder if they will ever go to other things in our solor system like go to the sun...

Glossary

Temperatures-(temp -it -trures) a degree in which tells how cold or hot something is

Automated-( aw- tow - mate- ted) to control or opporate by operation

Pressure- ( pre - shure) - to push hard against something by automation

Weightlessness-(wait-less-ness) to weigh nothing or have no weight on you

Gravity-( gra- vi-tee) an air forest to keep things on the ground


Sources

NASA- Astronauts in training

ESA- Space for kids- Life in space

W space suitWikipedia the free encyclopedia

Astronaut by Susan Cornall

Scholastic.com

If you were an astronaut by Virginia Schomp