Empires in Africa
By: Nataly Angulo and Amanda Casillas
How does religion effect the development of an empire?
Western Trading Empires of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai
Pilgrimage gained Mali closer ties with the Islamic world. It increased trade and cultural diffusion between Mali and the Muslim.
Ghana and Mali were both civilizations based on great wealth, large population, and advanced political achievements.
Ghana grew wealthier and extended its political control strengthening its position and helping it capture other territories.
The empire expanded and trade advanced making Mali more wealthy. Muslim traders were active in West Africa. Rebellions made them outgrow their political and military strength. Soon Mali was out of power.
Raid by Sultan Ahmad destroyed Sanghai and they failed to restore their empire afterwards. Ending completely the Songhai empire. The economic and administrative centres remained with the Moroccans.
Eastern Trading Regions on the Swahili Coast
Blend of Islam and Traditional Religions
"East Africa: Swahili Region." Macmillan Encyclopedia of World Slavery. Ed. Paul Finkelman and Joseph Calder Miller. New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 1998. World History in Context. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.<http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/whic/ReferenceDetailsPage/DocumentToolsPortletWindow?displayGroupName=Reference&jsid=a122bd67f7dd17931c6246292331f0a0&action=2&catId=&documentId=GALE%7CBT2350051121&u=oak30216&zid=b4915a739af2ce91e93eaa7a017dcb40>
"Islam and African Traditional Religions." Islam and African Traditional Religion. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.<http://www.mamiwata.com/islam.html>
The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. "Ghana | Historical West African Empire." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.<http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/232424/Ghana>
The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. "Mali | Historical Empire, Africa."Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.<http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/685627/Mali>
"Songhai Empire (historical Empire, Africa)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.<http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/554424/Songhai-empire>