A Focus on Modeling
Effective Reading and Writing Instruction
Megan Kelzer, Section C, 2/11/15
What is it...
What should teachers model?
Modeling During Reading Instruction
Be Specific: It is important to explicitly state during instruction why the students would use a strategy and when during the reading process to do so.
Be Explicit: It is important to model all of the steps of the strategy. Modeling of self-regulatory feedback is also very important.
Be Flexible: Teachers should explicitly draw students' attention to the characteristics of the reading to make a strategy appropriate.
Modeling During Writing Instruction
Be Specific: Model and reinforce the strategy through out the lesson.
Be Explicit: Model step by step the strategy. Explicitly model how expert writers use positive self-statements to encourage fluid movement of writing from one step to the next.
Be Flexible: Model stumbling blocks that students may run into.
"Specificity, explicitness, and flexibility should be used with any evidence-based practice."
Students may not benefit from the strategies if an adequate amount of time is not spent on modeling.
Other Great Resources
This is a video on the teaching channel of a teacher explaining how she models in her classroom.
Here is a video of students explain what they believe modeling is.
1) What experiences have you had in modeling in a lesson you have taught?
2) Have you had a teacher model in a way that inspires you? If so tell me?
3) Modeling is a great strategy to use in every subject, what other strategies should be used in each subject and why?