How to understand Internet Media

The Media, Propaganda, Internet Searching, Checking websites


THE MEDIA: the means of communication that reach large numbers of people, such as television, newspapers, and radio.

PROPAGANDA: the organized dissemination of information, allegations, etc, to assist or damage the cause of a government, movement, etc.

BIAS: an extraneous latent influence on, unrecognized conflated variable in, or selectivity in a sample which influences its distribution and so renders it unable to reflect the desired population parameters.

Propaganda Techniques

  1. Assertion
  2. Bandwagon
  3. Card stacking
  4. Glittering Generalities
  5. Lesser of Two Evils
  6. Name Calling
  7. Pinpointing the Enemy
  8. Plain Folks
  9. Simplification (Stereotyping)
  10. Testimonials
  11. Transfer

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Propaganda Techniques

Internet Search Techniques


Find all pages containing…

This that thing

Returns all pages containing the terms "this", "that", and "thing"

This OR that

Returns all pages containing either the term "this" or "that"

"This that and the other thing"

Returns all pages containing the exact phrase "this that and the other thing"

This -that

Returns all pages containing the term "this" but not the term "that"

This +that

Returns all pages containing the terms "this" and "that"


Returns a definition of the term "this"

Basic Search Techniques with Google

How to check a website for reliability

Questions to ask when using a website:

1.Who wrote the site and information in it?

2.Who published the site?

3.What is the main purpose of the site?

To sell a product?

As a personal hobby?

„As a public service?

„To further scholarship on a topic?

„To provide general information on a topic?

„To persuade you of a particular point of view?

4. Who is the intended audience?

Scholars or the general public?

Which age group is it written for?

Is it aimed at people from a particular geographic area?

Is it aimed at members of a particular profession or with

specific training?

5.What is the quality of information provided on the website?

When was the website published? etc.

You can use the searching operators to answer all of these questions