Mobilizing for War

Lauren Seaton

Civilians


  • Fueless Mondays

  • Meatless Tuesdays

  • Wheatless Wednesdays

  • Gassless Sundays

  • Conserved coal

  • Hollywood produced propaganda films

    • The Kaiser

    • Beast of Berlin

    • Mutt and Jeff at the Front

    • Tom’s Little Star

  • Women started taking men’s jobs

    • Assembly lines of factories, producing tanks, trucks and munition
  • Other Anti-German propaganda

Laws

  • Espionage Act of 1917 and Sedition Act of 1918

    • attempted to punish enemy activity and extended to the punishment expressions of doubt about America’s role in the war

    • Sedition Act: criminalized any expression of opinion that used “disloyal, profane, scurrilous, or abusive language” about the government, flag or armed forces

    • Some believed they were unconstitutional-- Schenck vs. US

  • Help Labor Crisis

    • Department of Labor

Soldiers

Started with 370,000 men

Conscription- forced military service

Selective Service Act 1917: required all men between 21 and 30 to enlist in army and then a lottery would randomly select men for service

Camps were created in order to prepare men for the armed forces

How US Paid

  • Cost $44 million a day ($32 billion total)
  • Rose taxes many different times
  • taxed corporate profits
  • taxing profits for arms factories
  • selling Liberty Bonds and Victory Bonds
  • Encouraged citizens to cut back on on goods, so they did not need to pay to produce more to send over
  • Germany reparations