Nancy Farmer

BY:SHA'DERRIA GIBSON

ABOUT NANCY F.

Nancy Farmer (born July 1941) is an American author of children's and young-adult books and science fiction. She has written threeNewbery Honor Books[1] and she won the U.S. National Book Award for Young People's Literature for The House of the Scorpion, published by Atheneum Books for Young Readers in 2002.[2]

Nancy Farmer

Farmer was born in Phoenix, Arizona. She earned her B.A. at Reed College (1963) and later studied chemistry and entomology at the University of California, Berkeley.[3] She enlisted in the Peace Corps (1963–1965), and subsequently worked in Mozambique andRhodesia (today Zimbabwe), where she studied biological methods of controlling the tsetse fly between 1975–1978.[3] She met her future husband, Harold Farmer, at the University of Rhodesia. After a week-long courtship, the two were married. Farmer currently lives in the Chiricahua Mountains in Arizona with her husband; they have one son, Daniel.[4]

Nancy Farmer

BornJuly 7, 1941(age 73)[citation needed]
Phoenix, Arizona, USA

OccupationWriter

NationalityAmerican

EducationB.A., Reed College (1963)

GenreChildren's literature, young adult literature, fantasy and science fiction

Notable worksThe Ear, the Eye, and the Arm
A Girl Named Disaster
The House of the Scorpion
Sea of Trolls series

Notable awards

National Book Award
2002

Buxtehuder Bulle
2003

SHONA DEFINATION

Shona /ˈʃnə/ is the name collectively given to two groups of Bantu people in the east and southeast of Zimbabwe, and southernMozambique. They are the largest ethnic group in Zimbabwe.

KINGDOM


The term Shona is as recent as the 1920s. The Kalanga and or Karanga had, from the 11th century, created empires and states on the Zimbabwe plateau. These states include theGreat Zimbabwe state (12-16th century), the Torwa State, and the Munhumutapa states, which succeeded the Great Zimbabwe state as well as the Rozvi state, which succeeded the Torwa State, and which with the Mutapa state existed into the 19th century. The states were based on kingship with certain dynasties being royals.[1]

The major dynasties were the Rozvi of the Moyo (Heart) Totem, the Elephant (of the Mutapa state), and the Hungwe (Fish Eagle) dynasties that ruled from Great Zimbabwe. The Kalanga who speak Tjikalanga are related to the Karanga possible through common ancestry. Some Shona groups are not very familiar with the existence of the Kalanaga hence they are frequently not recognised as Shona today. These groups had an adelphic succession system (brother succeeds brother) and this after a long time caused a number of civil wars which, after the 16th century, were taken advantage of by the Portuguese. Underneath the king were a number of chiefs who had sub-chiefs and headmen under them.

SHONA HISTORY

The kingdoms were destroyed by new groups moving onto the plateau. The Ndebele destroyed the Chaangamire's Rozvi state in the 1830s, and the Portuguese slowly eroded the Mutapa State, which had extended to the coast of Mozambique after the state's success in providing valued exports for the Swahili, Arab and East Asian traders, especially in the mining of gold, known by the pre-colonisation miners as kuchera dyutswa. The British destroyed traditional power in 1890 and colonized the plateau of Rhodesia. In Mozambique, the Portuguese colonial government fought the remnants of the Mutapa state until 1902.