Roman vs U.S. Ideas

Citizenships, Law, and, Justice

Citizens of Rome!

Citizenship belonged to all free, law-abiding people.

Rights of Citizens:

- Able to vote

- Hold official offices - civil and government

- Own property and write contracts

- Go to court

Not All Equal

Male citizens enjoyed all of the rights

Women had limited rights

- No voting or government offices

Slaves were property with almost no rights - small chances for freedom

Freedmen were former slaves with limited rights


The children of freedmen and women would be born as full Roman citizens

- If the was born in Roman is a full citizen even though if it's a son/daughter of a mother and a freedmen

Follow the Laws

Focused on:

- Marriage

- Inheritance - what family gets when a member dies

- Contracts between people

Laws were written in the 12 Tables

Roman Justice

Natural laws giving every citizen rights

- Connected to life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness

Judges mede court decisions from trials and evidence


Fit the crime committed

- Fines - pay money

- Beatings

- Banishment - have to leave Rome

- Slavery

- Execution if guilty of treason

Patricide - killing your father, was punished by being drowned in a river

Slaves were beaten harder work, or often crucified

Where do we see natural laws in the United States?

The places that has natural laws is in every states of the U.S. because they still used this law in schools, work, and even at home.

What connections can you draw between the freedmen children and the United States?

The connection between the freedmen children and the United States is that if the children of the freedmen is born in Roman, the children is a full citizen, the same thing in United States but different. In United States if the parent of the children is from different or same place and have a child in United States, that child is a full citizen.