Agriculture in Canada

Samya Element and Saira Mahmood

What is Agriculture?

By definition, agriculture means "the science or practice of farming, including cultivation of the soil for the growing of crops and the rearing of animals to provide food, wool, and other products."

History of Agriculture

The history of man is traced back to the Middle Paleolithic age, about 250,000 years ago, where the use of agriculture were first evident. Homo sapiens created methods of agriculture using newly created tools by stone and branches, such as bows and arrows, spear throwers, fishhooks and more. A collection of a variety of crops and early forms of seafood and land animals, which proved successful to sustain the earliest life, thereby leading to the sustenance of human life to the 21st century and on wards.

International Trade in Agriculture

Leaders of rural communities recognized an issue of increased international trade influence over their local communities.

  • A meeting conducted in Geneva (1986) agreed to form a new organization to ensure stability between local and global communities
  • The organization called, Institute for Agriculture and and Trade Policy (IATP) was initiated by Mark Ritchie, a trade analyst from Minnesota
  • The IATP served as non-profit and tax excluded to protect local communities
  • In order to maintain a plausible extent to international trade, IATP negotiated with the General Agreements on Tariffs and Trade, which later became the World Trade Organization (WTO).

International Trade in Agriculture: Today

1.Canada, is ranked in fourth place with a monetary export value of nearly 66 billion dollars.

2. Canada holds a notable record for exports to countries (ranked from top to bottom in export value) exports such as the United States, China and Japan, all of which are top trading partners of Canada.

3. Canadian imports agricultural products as well, from countries (ranked from top to bottom in import value) such as the United States, Mexico, China and Italy.

New Processes in the Agriculture Industry

1. We now use manufacturing machinery for the simple harvesting and planting tasks.

2. John Forelich invented the field tractor in 1892 which was used for plowing and simple seeding- now they are essential for field success.

3.The production of agriculture as a primary industry fell drastically, as in 1840, there was a decline from 70% to 40% in the year 1990, declining further to 10% in 1950 and now remains at an appalling two percent

4. In the 18th and the early 19th century Agriculture was a primary industry, but in the late 19th century it became a service industry, losing its production influence.

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New Attitudes and Trends in the Agriculture industry

Environmental Awareness

Environmental Awareness:

1.There are now fewer, but larger, farms in Canada and these farms have more cropland and livestock.

2. Because of fewer farms, they now have a pressure to produce more which means they will have to start using unsafe chemicals such as ‘insecticide’ and ‘pesticide’ and growth hormones to enhance the sizes of veggies and fruits- which is very bad for the environment and for the human body.

3. Because of the use of toxic materials this damages the environment and the human body, therefore Canada has set a goal- to lower the toxic materials of entering the water -to be achieved in the year 2030.

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Health Concerns

1. Exposure to organic dusts and airborne microorganisms and their toxins may lead to respiratory disorders. Some of which are as follows: Chronic bronchitis, Asthma, Hypersensitivity pneumonitis, Organic-dust toxic syndrome, and Chronic airflow limitation.

2. “Some studies document that farmers and those in related industries are at higher risk for the development of cancer of the stomach, soft tissue sarcoma, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, and multiple myeloma...”(Marc.B)

3. Parkinson's and Alzheimer's diseases are being studied in relation to agricultural chemicals (range of pesticides)

4.“Around 50% of all deaths on farms involve tractors. About one-out-of-six farming accidents involves large animals” (Travis Karicofe)
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