Hundred Years War

By Avery and Kolbe

Essential Question

What were the long term ramifications of the 100 year war for England and for France and how did it affect the development of European empires?

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Overview of the War

The name the Hundred Years War has been used by historians since the beginning of the nineteenth century to describe the long conflict that was between the French and English from 1337 to 1453. Some factors that caused the war was the feudal relationship between the English and French kings. The end of the conflict was never marked by a peace treaty but died out because the English recognized that the French troops were too strong to be directly confronted.
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Major Battles

Battle of Agincourt

Date: October 25th 1415.

Place: Northern France

Combatants: An English and Welsh army against a French army.

Generals: King Henry V of England against the constable of France, Charles d’Albret, Comte de Dreux.

During the Hundred Years War Between England and France, Henry V, the young king of England led his army to victory at the Battle of Agincourt in northern France. the Battle took place in a muddy farmers field. During the Battle of Agincourt the French had trouble because Henry marched his force close enough to allow his archers to unleash a ton of arrows upon the French. The French Knights charged forward only to be caught in slippery mud.

Battle of Crecy

Date: August 26th 1346

Place: Crecy

Combatants: English and French

Generals: King Edward lll the leader of England and King Philip Vl the leader of France

The Battle of Crecy was the first great battle to start the Hundreds Years War between France and England. King Edward lll the leader of England landed in Normandy that July. Edward was alerted that King Philip VI the leader of France was assembling a large army in Paris. Edward turned north and began moving along the coast. Tired from being on the move, the English army camped near the Forest of Crecy. The French, eager to defeat the English raced towards Crecy. The Battle of Crecy was one of the greatest English victories of the Hundred Years War. In the fighting, Edward lost between 100-300, while Philip suffered around 13,000-14,000 (some sources indicate it may have been as high as 30,000).

The Hundred Year's War in 5 minutes

Joan of Arc

Born around 1412, Joan of Arc was the daughter of a tenant farmer from a village in northeastern France. She was not taught to read or write, but her mother instilled in her a deep love for the Catholic Church and its teachings. At the time, France had long been torn apart by a bitter conflict with England which was later known as the Hundred Years’ War. The events in France during these years would set the stage for Joan's later life and the circumstances surrounding her death. She was a national heroine of France she led the French army in a wonderful victory at Orleans that drove back an English attempt to conquer France during the Hundred Years’ War. Joan was captured a year afterward and was burned by the English. She later became the greatest national heroine of her fellow citizens.

The Spanish Empire

Creation of the Spanish Empire

The Spanish empire was first began in 1492, There main goals were to spread Catholicism and convert people of the lands. First settlements were in the Caribbean Sea. Isabella of Castile was the queen of Spain and Ferdinand was the king of Spain and Isabella's husband.

Formative Assessment

Kahoot Questions

Critical Thinking Question!

What caused the turning point in the Hundreds Years War?

A. The longbow used by the English because it gave them the upper hand.

B. Joan of Arc because she convinced the French king to give an army under her command.

C. The French knights because they were very skilled.

Essential Question

What were the long term ramifications of the 100 year war for England and for France and how did it affect the development of European empires?


"Joan of Arc." A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2014.

"Hundred Years’ War." A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 14 Dec. 2014.

"Battle of Crecy." A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2014.

Hickman, Kennedy. "The Hundred Years' War Battle of Crecy." N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2014.