Career Exploration Project

Faith Hudson

What is a Pediatrician Specializing in Neonatology?

A Neonatal Pediatrician, also known as a neonatologist, specializes in the care of critically ill newborns. Unlike a general pediatrician, neonatal pediatricians work in the NICU, or Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Babies can be born with many types of problems, so Neonatal Pediartricians are there to bring the baby back to health.

Work Environment

Some doctors may have their own office, but most neonatal pediatricians are located in the NICU. The NICU is always located near the mothers, but not always in the same buliding. The NICU usually consists of babies that come straight from the delivery room, but sometimes babies are admitted for emegencies where they need a neonatologist.

Salary

The salary of a Neonatal Pediatrician can range from roughly 120,000 dollars annually, to about 320,000 dollars a year. The numbers are very different based on location, hospital, etc. The United States average is about $237,120 annually, and the Texas average is about $127,000.

Education

Pediatricians complete the basic four years of pre-med, then attend medical school. Special courses are then taken for three or more years. Then, to become a specialist, one to three years of training are present. Lastly, you receive certification from the American Board of Pediatrics and Sub-board of Neonatology- Prenatal Medicine.

Where Can You Get an Education?

The Baylor College of Medicine, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, and The University of Oklahoma Medicine, are three colleges that provide education to become this specific job. Baylor costs about $26,000 a year, compared to The University of Texas, at about $16,000 annually. The University of Oklahoma tops it off at about $46,000 annually.

Supplies Used in the NICU

-Incubator ---------X-Ray

-Cardiorespitory Monitor ------Endotracheal Tube

-Blood Pressure Monitor ------Respirator Ventilator

-Temperature Probe --------Continuous Positive Airway Pressure

-Pulse Oximeter -------Oxygenation- mainly for babies with Respitory Disease

- Carbon Dioxide Monitor

-Ultra Sound

Career Outlook, Statistic, and Related Associations

The career outlook is very good. Babies will always need doctors, so there is an unlikely chance this job will fade out. There isn't enough neonatal pediatricians for all of the newborns that are being born, so it should be easy to get a job.


The Association of American Medical Colleges, AAMC, is one association related to neonatology. Another one is the American Academy of Pediatrics, AAP.


A statistic about neonatology is that a full term of pregnancy is 36 weeks. The most common reason a newborn dies is premature birth. Before 20 weeks, it is considered a miscarriage. At 25 weeks a Neonatal Pediatrician feels obligated to save the babies' life.

Why This Career?

I chose this career because I have always had an interest in becoming a type of doctor. I have also always wanted to be a baby doctor. I didn't know about Neonatal Pediatricians until I did research and learned about this. I feel like this would be a great job for me, because I want to be a doctor, and I want to help babies, because I love them. I decided to use this career for my project to learn more about it.