Routine Physical Examinations/tests
By: Olivia Gorman
A mammogram is used for testing Breast Cancer. Mammograms are only for woman to take. A Mammogram is needed every two years between the ages of 50 and 74. A patient can request more or less frequent testing based on personal and family history of breat cancer.
A Pap Smears is a screening procedure for Cervical Cancer. This exam is for women only. Women should start getting these when they either are sexually active or when they turn 21. Women should be taking them at least every 3 years.
A Testicular Exam is to check each testicle for signs of a problem including lumps, changing in size, and tenderness. These exams are for only men. Doctors will start doing these at a very young age. They take these exams as often as needed. If the male is to have discomfort to his testicles, one hangs lower than the other or if there is any pain down in the genital area.
A Prostate Exam involves a blood test, which is a screen for early detection of prostate cancer and looks for prostate-specific antigen or PSA in the blood. These exams are only for men. Doctors will do this for men 50 and above. Men should get one at least once in their life but only needed if there is some problem relating to difficulty in passing urine.