Type 1 Diabetes

immune system attacks and destroys cells of the pancreas

Homeostatic Imbalance

During Type 1 diabetes, metabolic diseases occur whereby a person has high blood sugar levels, and has the inability to produce, metabolize, or respond to insulin.


The main center of Diabetes is the Pancreas. It is located in the back of the abdominal cavity. Its functions are manufacturing, storing, and releasing insulin. The insulin made from the pancreas regulates blood glucose levels.

Glucose Levels

When glucose levels rise too high or fall too easily, diabetic reactions can occur and the person can become confused or behave irrationally.


If the disease is untreated, the person could become comatose (state of deep conciousness) and die.

Symptoms

Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes include:


  • Increased thirst
  • Frequent Urination
  • Extreme Hunger
  • Unintended weight loss
  • Weakness/ Fatigue

Therapies/Treatments

Insulin Injections

Carbohydrate Counting

Frequent Blood Sugar Monitoring

Eating Healthy Foods

Exercising regularly and maintaining a healthy weight

Quote from Research

In type 1 diabetes, there's no insulin to let glucose into the cells, so sugar builds up in your bloodstream, where it can cause life-threatening complications.


http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/type-1-diabetes/basics/causes/con-20019573