Respiratory System

Body Systems

Function

The respiration system has organs that are used for the process of respiration in an organism. Involves the intake and exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between organism and environment.

Alveoli

Alveoli may be small but there are many that make a large space to exchange air. Walls are made of a single layer of cells as are the capillaries which have low oxygen and high carbon dioxide. Allows oxygen to go into blood and carbon dioxide to get out of the blood. Some cells in the walls secrete fluid allowing gases to dissolve. Fluid also prevents the sides of alveoli from sticking together.

Carbon Dioxide and Oxygen Transported to Blood

Oxygen goes into the lungs and carbon dioxide is take out of the blood. Oxygen carries the cells and carbon dioxide is carried away.

Asthma

Asthma is when your airways narrow and swell, it makes it hard for you to breath or get shortness of breath. Signs and symptoms are frequent coughing, losing your breath, feeling tired, shortness of breath. About 8% of adults get asthma. Asthmas treatment is just simply medication.

Bronchitis

Bronchitis is inflammation of the bronchial tubes, they carry air to and from the lungs. Fever, soreness in the chest with coughing, clear yellow white or green phlegm. The prevalence is 12.1 million Americans get bronchitis. Treatments are antibiotics, coughing medicine, and therapies.