TREMBLED TO THE DEEPEST - NEPAL
By Twinkle Francis
- Nepal is a small, landlocked country situated between India and China. Famous for the world's highest mountain, Mount Everest, and the birthplace of Lord Buddha.
- Nepal offers amazing and diverse holiday opportunities. With its ancient culture and the Himalayas as a backdrop, it is known as the roof of the world.
NOT UNTIL THE DEADLY EARTHQUAKE STRUCK !
These quakes are a dramatic manifestation of the ongoing convergence between the Indo-Australian and Asian tectonic plates that has progressively built the Himalayas over the last 50 million years.
- In this case the strain is built by the collision or convergence of two plates
- .A number of factors made this quake a recipe for catastrophe.
- It was shallow: an estimated 15km below the surface at the quake’s epicentre.
- It saw a large movement of the earth (a maximum of 3m).
- And the ruptured part of the fault plane extended under a densely populated area in Kathmandu
- The rupture initiated in an area about 70km north west of Kathmandu, with slip on a shallow dipping fault that gets deeper as you move further north.
- Over about a minute, the rupture propagated east by some 130km and south by around 60km, breaking a fault segment some 15,000 square kilometres in area, with as much as 3m slip in places.
- The plates across this segment of the Himalaya are converging at a rate of about 2cm this year.
- This slip released the equivalent of about a century of built up strain.
Amount of DESTRUCTION
- Nepal is as disaster prone country. Floods, landslides, epidemics and fires cause considerable loss of life and property in Nepal every year.
- Nepal being a country whose income survived highly on tourism is now a destructed country.
- Nepal is a seismic prone country and the risk it faces from earthquakes are very high.
- It caused considerable damage to buildings along with great loss of lives.
- Since then, the population in Nepal has skyrocketed; urban development, unplanned and construction practices have deteriorated.
- Thousands of villages have been devastated, with up to 90% of clinics and schools in some districts rendered unusable.
Number of CASUALITIES
- The death toll from the earthquake that struck Nepal on Saturday has passed 6,000, and many thousands are still unaccounted for.
- The latest police report has confirmed 6,260 fatalities, with about 14,000 injured and thousands still unaccounted for. The head of the European Union delegation in the country said 1,000 people from the were missing and 12 were confirmed dead.
- At least 3,000 people were still unaccounted for in the badly hit Sindhupalchowk district, while little is known about northern areas of the Gorkha district where about 10,000 live.
Challenges Faces by the Rescue Teams
- Governments across the globe have deployed emergency assistance following Nepal's deadliest earthquake in nearly a century. But response teams face increasing difficulties as the death toll continues to rise.
- European, Asian and North American governments sent emergency response teams to Nepal as the country struggles to cope with the disaster. However, blocked roads, collapsed buildings, and continuing aftershocks pose major setbacks for emergency crews searching for survivors in the capital and cut-off rural areas.
- Approximately 6.6 million people live in areas affected by the earthquake.The official death toll from Saturday's earthquake rose to 2,352 people.
- A team of 45 rescue experts from Belgium, Germany and Luxembourg left on a Belgian military plane on Sunday, bound for Nepal.
- The US committed $1 million (0.92 million euros) along with rescue teams, the US Agency for International Development confirmed. Australia and New Zealand pledged more than $4.5 million, while South Korea promised $1 million in humanitarian aid.
- Numerous aid groups launched appeals for funds with the charity Christian Aid describing an "urgent need" for emergency shelters, food, clean drinking water, and warm clothing.
Measures To Be Taken By The People If Caught In An Earthquake Of Large Magnitude ?
# What to expect during an earthquake?
- These can last up to several minutes and constitute a natural disaster if its epicentre is near a densely populated area, or its magnitude sufficiently large for the region.
- The ground or floor will move, perhaps violently.
- Whether far away or close to the source, you will probably feel shaking followed by a rolling motion, much like being at sea.
What you can do!
1. Know the Risks and ALWAYS be Prepared.
- Find out what to do before, during, and after an earthquake.
- Make a family emergency plan, so that everyone knows what to do, and where to go in case of an emergency.
- Get an emergency kit, so that you and your family can be self-sufficient for at least 72 hours.
2. During an earthquake
- If you are indoors: “DROP, COVER AND HOLD ON”
- Stay inside.
- Drop under heavy furniture such as a table, desk, bed or any solid furniture.
- Cover your head and torso to prevent being hit by falling objects.
- Hold on to the object that you are under so that you remain covered. Be prepared to move with the object until the shaking has finished.
- If you can't get under something strong, or if you are in a hallway, flatten yourself or crouch against an interior wall and protect your head and neck with your arms.
- If you are in a shopping mall.
- go into the nearest store. Stay away from windows, and shelves with heavy objects.
- If you are at school.
- Get under a desk or table and hold on. Face away from windows.
- If you are outdoors
- Stay outside.
- Go to an open area away from buildings. The most dangerous place is near exterior walls.
- If you are in a crowded public place, take cover where you won't be trampled.
- If you are in a vehicle.
- Pull over to a safe place where you are not blocking the road. Keep roads clear for rescue and emergency vehicles.
- Avoid bridges, overpasses, underpasses, buildings or anything that could collapse.
- Stop the car and stay inside.
- Listen to your car radio for instructions from emergency officials.
- Do not attempt to get out of your car if downed power lines are across it. Wait to be rescued.
- Place a HELP sign in your window if you need assistance.
- If you are on a bus,
- stay in your seat until the bus stops. Take cover in a protected place. If you can't take cover, sit in a crouched position and protect your head from falling debris.
don't panic just think!