By: Clarissa Abella
Background Chapter: The Roman Empire
Jesus and the Founding of the Church
The Early Christians
The practice of baptizing infants became more common and soon enough, it became a universal practice. The beauty and value of baptizing infants are that Original Sin is forgiven and the child is incorporated into the Mystical Body of Christ. There also came the Apologists who defended and explained the Christian religion. Then the Didache came along; the Didache is a short exposition concerning Christian morals, doctrine, and the customs that was likely composed in the first century.
Persecution of "The Way"
Following Diocletian's death, Constantine was kind to the Christians and he helped the followers of Christ to get back on their feet.
The Church Fathers and Heresies
Light in the Dark Ages
There was a man named Attila - a brutal, strong man - that was turned by Pope St. Leo the Great and he did not attack Rome. (this showed the Church's and the people's strength in times of darkness)
The Great Schism
were organizedassaults in defense of Christian Europe.
Crusades combined the concept of defensive war with religious pilgrimage and were viewed as acts of religious devotion by the Christians who participated in them. In conclusion, the Crusades encouraged travel, influenced military technology, and fostered a new curiosity for foreign culture among the Latin Christians.
The High Middle Ages
There also was a new type of religious order: the mendicant friars; this generation of monk did not include a cloistered existence of prayer and work.
The Black Plague
The Hundred Years War
The Hundred Years War was a series of short battles with a few moments of peace in between. When it looked like the end of war was coming and France was losing, a woman named Joan became part of the story.
Joan of Arc
moralof the army. She was later burned at the stake because she was accused of witchcraft.
Humanism also became a thing; it denotes a certain general mood and intellectual climate which focuses on the richness of the human spirit over the almost exclusive theological focus of the Medieval era.
The Protestant Reformation
The English Reformation
Exploration and Missionary Movements
The Age of Enlightenment
The Rise of Soviet Communism
After WWI, Communism in Russia was rising. Skilled in propaganda, the Communists in the 1920's and 1930's and they were able to convince that they were living in paradise and that they were a model for the world. Religious persecution was a major element that was one of the Communist's program and it was far from what it was thought to be.
The Rise of Nazism
Nazism was a blend of nationalist totalitarianism, racism aimed especially at Jews, neo-paganism, and the moral nihilism of the nineteenth-century German philosopher Nietzsche.
Pope Pius XII and World War II
There were some key people who died during WWI - St. Maximilian Kolbe and St. Teresa Benedicts of the Cross. They died as martyrs - people of their faith.