Federal Court System

Unit 6 lesson 1

Distric Courts

District courts are the federal courts that have trials and begun lawsuits. All states have at least one district court but some larger states may have more. Federal court judges serve life terms. This means that they can stay as long as they'd like.

District courts have Original Jurisdiction, the authority to hear a case first.

Court of Appeals

Appeal Courts have Appellate Jurisdiction, or the authority to review a case from a lower court. Appeal Courts review the decisions of lower courts if a lawyer believes a mistake was made They each cover a circuit, a certain geographic area.

Appeal Court judges can either uphold the original ruling, reverse the original decision, or remand the case; send the case to be retried

The opinion, or legal thinking behind the decision, makes a precedent, or a model for future judges to follow based on past cases.

Federal Court Workers

  • U.S. Marshals- Protect jurors. serve subpoenas, and keep order in court
  • U.S. Attorneys- Government lawyers who prosecute law breakers
  • U.S Magistrate- Decide whether accused people should be held in jail or released on bail