Integrated Pest Management

Josey Henderson & Sierra Motley

Brief Explanation

Integrated Pest Management is a plan to control the damage of pests, while limiting harm to the environment. It is used in 75% of the U.S. agricultural acreage. First, thresholds are set. These are like boundaries, or checkpoints that indicate when control should begin. Next comes monitoring, which is the inspection and identification of the specific problem. Prevention is done when there are no pests present yet. This is the process of preparing your crops or lawns for pests, trying to keep pests from ever being able to inhabit the area. Finally, if prevention plans are no longer effective or available, then control plans are evaluated and implemented. First, lower scale, less risky plans are tried. If it becomes obvious that further more extensive actions are needed, then additional pest control methods are employed.

Advantages and Disadvantages

Advantages Include:

  • reduced health risk to humans
  • reduced health risk to pets and other organisms that aren't being targeted
  • less harm for the environment
  • reduced chance of pests developing resistance towards specific pesticides
  • reduced amount of broad-spectrum pesticide use in the environment
Disadvantages Include:

  • more involved planning
  • more demanding lawn and garden care
  • more resources needed as substitutions for pesticides
  • greater amount of outside knowledge required

How Popular is it?

IPM is used in over 75% of the agricultural acreage in the U.S. It is so popular because it is an environmentally safe way to limit had to humans, crops, and other organisms. It is broad and efficient, varying in levels of severity.