HOW AUSTRALIAN COINS ARE MADE
THE ROLE OF TECHNOLOGY - By Lachlan Fitzpatrick
WHERE ARE OUR COINS MADE?
Before 1966 Australians used pounds, shillings and pence (British currency). In 1966, Australia changed to the dollars and cents we use now.
When the Royal Australian Mint opened in 1965 and it had to make Australia's new coinage in time for the introduction of decimal currency in 1966. In the first year of opening, over one billion coins had to be made. Since 1965 to today, the Mint has made out about 15 billion coins for circulation!
This SMORE poster will focus on how coins are manufactured today - with a focus on the use of technology that makes the job faster and easier.
WHAT ARE COINS MADE OF?
Our gold coins ($1 and $2) are pale gold in colour and made from an alloy of 92% copper and 8% aluminium which is called aluminium bronze.
A diagram I made from a website describing how coins are minted
ROYAL AUSTRALIAN MINT TOUR
* The factory of the Royal Australian Mint is very big
* Robots and humans work at the Royal Australian Mint
* The Royal Australian Mint is the only place in Australia to make circulating coins
* Titan [their biggest robot] weighs 4.6 tones
* The Royal Australian Mint can produce 650 coins per minute
* Once coins are made they are bagged, tagged then sent to banks all over Australia
* Australia's currency is managed by a six-meter tall, 8000kg robot
* His name is - the Kuka Titan robot
* The robot can make over 2.2 million coins per day if he needed to
TECHNOLOGY IS USED A LOT TO MANUFACTURE COINS AT THE ROYAL AUSTRALIAN MINT
This is Titan Hard At Work At The Mint
I got the photos and information from:
THERE ARE THREE BIG ROBOTS AT THE MINT
THIS IS TITAN
Titan is able to lift 1000kgs [1 tonne].He weighs over 4690kgs (4.6 tonnes!!), is three metres tall and is a six axis robot. Visitors to the Mint are able to watch Titan work.
THIS IS ROXIE
Roxie's job is to pack sets of uncirculated coins into cardboard coin wallets which are then vacuum sealed. She uses a vision camera to determine which coin to pick up. Roxie packs 6 coins every minute.
THIS IS ROBBIE
Robbie's job is to pack small plastic bags of finished coins into a large cardboard shipping box. He places 200 bags into each box in a programmed pattern. Most of the bags he packs weigh about 7kgs. Robbie can lift up to 50kgs.
THIS IS TITAN
THIS IS ROXIE
TEHRE ARE ALSO AUTOMATED GUIDED VEHICLES (AGV"S) WORKING HARD AT THE MINT TO MAKE COINS
The Royal Australian Mint staff use a computer program to instruct the AGV's. It is really cool that the AGV's navigate by laser beams!!
The URL's I USED TO GET MY INFORMATION
Video royal Australia mint
http://www.forteachersforstudents.com.au/site/wp-content/uploads/RAM/Coins/pdfs/coins-facts.pdf - Fact Sheet 1 Technology