Kingdom of Kush

zoe nelson & meghan murkin

TIME PERIOD

There were two time periods in which the Kushites thrived; the Napatan period (1000-310 BCE) and the Meroitic period (275 BCE-350 CE).

The Kushites 25th dynasty was brought to an end when the Assyrians expelled them from Egypt, ending the Napatan period. The Meroitic period began after 300 BCE when the royal cemetery was moved to Meroe, making it the capital of the "Kingdom of Kush"

LOCATION/CITIES

The Kingdom was located just South of the third cataract on the Nile river in upper Nubia (present day Sudan).

Meroe was an advanced city that flourished. It lied in the center of many rivers including the Nile, making it a great trading center.

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SOCIAL STRUCTURE

Many Kushites would spend time on arts and crafts, pottery, and making jewelry. A large number of people were artisans and craftsmen.

Mining was also a popular occupation, most people hunting for gold. When they found it they would make it into jewelry and wear it to show power an wealth in the community.

Legend has it that the Kushites were the oldest race on Earth and Nubia is regarded by many as the location of the Garden of Edin.

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RELIGION

During the Napatan period the Kushites religion hardly differed from that of the Egyptians, who were polytheistic and worshipped in temples. Once the Meroitic period began, the Kushite culture came to include many other deities who weren't Egyptian.

"Cult animals" were very important to the religion; cows and elephants were two of the main "holy" animals. The kushites would make offerings of food and drink to the gods and and the dead.

GOVERNMENT

The form of government in the Kingdom of Kush was one of rulers. The people would select a King or "Pharaoh" to lead them. The Pharaoh was not a law maker, rather an enforcer of laws.

WRITING SYSTEM

The only evidence of writing from the Kushite's, is Hieroglyphics. They were the first in their area to come up with a written language.
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Technology and Contributions

Researchers discovered shaped tools made of of gneiss (granite). They believe the we're used to carve oars with and for use around their community. (Breaking things and making objects smooth.)