The Great Migration
When "they" came
How did this happen?
In the late 18th and early 19th century, there occurred a transition in parts of Great Britain's previously manual-labor-based economy towards machine-based manufacturing. It started with the mechanization of the textile industries, the development of iron-making techniques and the increased use of refined coal. Though the Revolution began an era of expanded economic growth and higher standards of living, it was at the same time met with rapid population explosion. A slow rise in quality of living standards throughout the past two hundred years allowed more children to survive and made childbearing more economic. As well, jobs that were previously done by poor peasants could now be done even more cheaply by machinery. This led to the loss of many jobs. The combined effects made it difficult for some to find jobs, leading them to look to the colonies in the Americas for work.
Why did they migrate?
Because the Industrial Revolution began in Britain, people were losing jobs and wanted to move away so most settlers were English speaking British. Sixty percent of these immigrants to Canada were British. This made them the largest group in Canada. The Irish came to escape the Great Potato Famine.