The Amendments

The First and Second Amendments

The First Amendment Rap

First Amendment Rap

The People have Rights Too

"Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances."

The Congress cannot make a law about religion, or about how to worship. Congress may not make a law about the what people can say or what the press can say. The people can also assemble anywhere at anytime they want. The people can also petition against the current government.

The Freedom of Speech

Explanation

The freedom to say whatever you want except anything anything slanderous or interfering with other people's rights.

Historical Usage

Schench v. United States

Charles Schenck was the Secretary of the Socialist party for america and was responsible for military papers during World War I, also 15,000 leaflets that opposite to the draft. These leaflets contained statements such as; "Do not submit to intimidation", "Assert your rights", "If you do not assert and support your rights, you are helping to deny or disparage rights which it is the solemn duty of all citizens and residents of the United States to retain," this is prohibited by the thirteenth amendment.

Current Use

Virginia v. Black

A First Amendment case in the Supreme Court. Three defendants were convicted in violating a statue against cross burning. In this case, the Court said that statute is considered cross burning. Court argued about "threats of intimidation" and the Ku Klux Klan protected "messages of shared ideology." Cross-burning can be a crime.

Opinion

I think that freedom of speech is acceptable so that the government cannot silence it's critics.
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Explanation of the Cartoon

In China there is no free speech and if we eliminate free speech then we will become like China and have a dictatorship.

Freedom of Assembly

Explanation

The ability to assemble without interfering with other's rights or saying anything slanderous.

Historical Usage

United States v. Cruikshank

The Ku Klux Klan raided a peaceful meeting of free black americans. This violates the freedom of assembly. 100 to 280 black americans were killed when they were prisoner. Only three of the Ku Klux Klan were killed in the following days after the killing.

Current Use

Boos v. Barry

People peacefully protested but it was considered bad because the sign said bad things. This was not a form of violent protest but the assembly was intended for worse.

Opinion

I think that freedom of peaceful assembly is good for the country otherwise the government could take over like Russia.
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Explaining the cartoon

In Iran there is no freedom of assembly but they say there is, it is like america (The real one)

Freedom of the Press

Explanation

The freedom of the press is the freedom for the press to not go through prior restraint before publishing. The press cannot publish anything libelous

A historical use

The Nazis censored the press before it was published because the Nazis wanted to prevent an uprising.

Current Use

Sopa and Pipa

Sopa and Pipa wanted to censor the internet and the press to make more money by suing more. The more they sue the more money they make but, this is against the 1st amendment though.

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Explaining the Cartoon

In this country the police check the journalist for anything bad he is saying about the government.

Freedom of Religion

Explanation

The freedom to worship as you please or have no religion at all.

Historical Usage

4000 years ago the Christians and the Jews were persecured for their religion

Current usage

During 9/11 the Muslims were treated differently because of the extremists were of the same religion.
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Explaining the picture

The picture means that all people should live together in peace

Right to Petition

Explanation

The right to petition is so that people can peacefully protest about the current government and tell what to do better.

Historical Usage

When the Americans were petitioning against the king he wouldn't let them. He would make sure they would be in prision.

Current Usage

In China you will be arrested for petitioning against the government.
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Explaining the picture

The people don't want eggplant so they petition to not have it anymore.

Amendment Two

What it says

A well regulated Militia. being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.

What it means

It means that the people can keep weapons to fend off the government that offends them.

Historical Usage

The Americans in the American Revolution had their guns taken away from them. They could not defend themselves against the British troops.

Current Usage

In Sandy Hook there was a shooting, this caused many people to believe that there must be higher limits on guns.
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Explaining the picture

If people had guns then 9/11 wouldn't have happened.