Waterfalls

By-Addison Woxland

Niagara falls

Niagara falls is so important because the war in 1812, american revolution, and the first year underground railroad were all in the same year, which makes it so special. Niagara falls is one of the most popular attractions in the state of New York and in the country of Canada (Ontario). The Niagara river has been estimated 12,000 years old. The formation of the falls began at the end of Ice Age. large torrents of water were set free from the melting ice and drained into Niagara river. The force of water wore layers of rocks and it started to become a little waterfall but as the years went on the water kept on breaking rocks and then eventually it was done forming and now it is a big attraction.
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What are the top 5 waterfalls in the world

5.Sutherland falls is a national park in New Zealand the waterfall drops 1904 feet. Sutherland falls is one of the most popular in New Zealand, it is the best attraction in New Zealand. It is one of the most dramatic drops that you can get it is bumpy on the way down and the it is all rocks at the bottom.

4.Plitvice waterfalls Northern Dalmatia, Croatia this is just an attraction in Croatia. It is world famous waterfalls it has 3 big waterfalls and multiple little water falls. The drop for the biggest waterfall is 230 feet.

3.Dettifoss waterfall it is a national park in Iceland. The drop is 197 feet. It falls at 500 cubic meters per second. In Iceland they call it the Icelandic version of the Grand canyon.

2.Gullfoss Haukadalur,Iceland. This is the first waterfall to ever been seen with a 90 degree angle. Some people think that with it's unique shape to it people think that you can see a rainbow at any time of the day.

1.Yosemite falls Yosemite national park in California, United States. The drop for Yosemite falls is 2425 feet. Yosemite does not flow year long it is crowned best attraction in California.


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Erosion

The waterfall is a powerful force of erosion, especially when the water contains sediment even at the lip, the water gains power as it approaches the brink. Waterfalls are temporary phenomena. While waterfalls from the base of the falls removing rock foundations, the scouring of the lip goes back every single minute but nobody really notices, which will decrease the height that is what erosion does is decreases the height…

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Dams

A dam is a barrier that impounds water. Reservoirs created by dams not only suppress floods but also provide activities. Dams are manly used to control flood levels. The first dams were built in Mesopotamia in the 14th century. The Quatinah dam on the Orontes river in the Syria was built in the 14th century it is one of the oldest dams that still work today.

It took over 10,000 people to build hoover dam

Hoover dam it more than 650 feet at the bottom and only 45 feet at the top.

When hoover dam was built it costed 49 million today if they were to rebuild it i would cost 811 million to build the same dam.
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Floods

Floods are not always caused by heavy rainfall. They can also be caused particularly in coastal areas where floods could be caused by storm surge like tsunami, hurricanes,tornados, and tropical cyclones.Floods are very haduress to the environment it kills wild animals, it also kills insects. Flash floods will kill many animals and people to. Flash floods can cause many injuries and some homeless. Floods could also cause diseases. But many people in California are really happy when they get floods because of droughts so when floods happen it basically put life back into the city.
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Angel Falls

It is 50 feet higher than its closest rival. Angel falls located in Venezuela, angel falls is the highest on the earth reaching 3,212 feet which is over ½ of a mile. The height of the falls is so tall that most of it turns into mist before it reaches ground level. Angel falls is named after Jimmie Angel who was the first person to see the falls when he flew over it November 16, 1933. Jimmie died 1956 in a plane crash. Angel falls is almost 15 times higher than Niagara falls, and almost 2 times higher than the empire state building.
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Community

Waterfalls affect the community in different ways like they bring more people into the wilderness but most of the people smoke and then they put it onto the ground which can kill the animals that people care about.
The Amazing Niagara Falls at Night